navy jobs list
Navy

Navy Jobs List: A List Of All 93 Ratings In The Navy (2020)

In the Navy, they call their enlisted jobs ratings. These ratings are categorized into groups they call communities. For instance, ratings dealing with aircraft are categorized in the Aviation Community. In other military services, these Ratings are what they call Military Occupational Specialists (MOS).

Before you become an enlisted member of the Navy, you must take the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery test (ASVAB). The maximum ASVAB score is 99 for each subtests or subject areas, and the minimum ASVAB score you need to get is 35 to enlist in the Navy.

Related Article: 10 Best Navy Jobs For Civilian Life

Here’s a complete list of all 93 Navy Ratings (jobs) in alphabetical order, as well as the minimum ASVAB score for each rating. Keep in mind that the ASVAB Test Score we have included here is the minimum aggregate score you need to get if you choose to pursue a career in any of these Navy jobs.

Enter Your ASVAB Test Score To See Navy Jobs You Qualify For

1. Aerographer’s Mate (AG)

an Aerographer's Mate at work
An Aerographer’s Mate at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They are Enlisted Sailors who carry out physical work to help Navy Oceanographers and Meteorologists get accurate forecasts. Navy Forces uses this forecast information to plan for their activities in any physical environment. They monitor the state of maritime conditions and analyze climatological data to develop precise forecasts for different locale around the world.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 162

2. Aircrew Survival Equipmentman (PR)

an Aircrew Survival Equipmentman at work
An Aircrew Survival Equipmentman at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They examine and repair seat pans, flight equipment, survival gear, and protective gear for flight crews. They also conduct regular inspection of survival equipment.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 140

3. Aircrewman (AW)

an Aircrewman at work
An Aircrewman at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They act as flight crew members in a specific wing or helicopter.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210
 

4. Aircrewman (AWF)

Aircrewman (AWF)
Naval Aircrewman Mechanical (AWF) fly over the aicraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74). Image: dodlive.mil

What They Do: Naval Aircrewman Mechanical perform primary in-flight and ground duties. They perform aircraft maintenance cargo movement, passenger transport and are required to be knowledgeable of all aircraft systems.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210

5. Aircrewman (AWO)

Aircrewman (AWO)
Naval Aircrewman Operator (AWO) trouble-shooting a RADAR system. Image: dodlive.mil

What They Do: Naval Aircrewman Operator is responsible for detecting and analyzing surface and subsurface contacts. They support operations by producing intelligence products for aircrews. They use a variety of equipment and advanced sonar systems to track targets.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210

6. Aircrewman (AWR)

Aircrewman (AWR)
Naval Aircrewman (Tactical Helicopter) sitting on a Seahawk helicopter. Image: flickr

What They Do: Naval Aircrewman Tactical Helicopter assist in aircrew operations and Naval Special Warfare (NSW) Operations. They can assist with operations such as search and rescue and medical evacuations. Other duties include performing sonar and sonobuoy operations.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210

7. Aircrewman (AWS)

Aircrewman (AWS)
Aircrewman Helicopter (AWS) stand watch aboard a MH-60S Seahawk Helicopter. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: Naval Aircrewman Helicopter are responsible for Naval Special Warfare (NSW) insertion and extractions. They complete other maneuver operations including medical evacuations and vertical replenishment.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210

8. Aircrewman (AWV)

Aircrewman Avionics
Aircrewman Avionics monitoring targets. Image: navy.mil

What They Do: Naval Aircrewman Avionics are Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) Specialist. They can be responsible for piloting and maintaining Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and operating aerial photographic equipment. They are considered in-flight technicians.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210

 

9. Airman (AN)

an Airman at work
An Airman at work. Image: defense.gov

What They Do: Their duties include repairing and maintaining stowing aircraft and their equipment to keep them ready for flight operations. They are also involved in activities relating to landing and taking-off of aircraft.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 185

10. Air Traffic Controller (AC)

an Air Traffic Controller at work
An Air Traffic Controller at work. Image: defense.gov

What They Do: These are well-known for being in the airport’s control towers, with many working in control centers. They track exact aircraft position as it travels, ensure it is safe, and provide the shortest and most efficient journey route. They keep in touch with aircraft and interpret target on radar screens.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score:  220

11. Aviation Boatswain’s Mate, Equipment (ABE)

Aviation Boatswain's Mate Equipment (ABE)
Aviation Boatswain’s Mate, Equipment stand watch in an engine room. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: These individuals are responsible for performing maintenance and operating catapult launch and arresting consoles. They maintain and perform organizational maintenance on arresting gear, firing panels and water brakes.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 184

12. Aviation Boatswain’s Mate, Fuels (ABF)

Aviation Boatswain's Mate Fuels (ABF)
Aviation Boatswain’s Mate Fuels testing aviation fuel samples for sediment and water contamination. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: As the name may suggest, these individuals work with aviation fueling systems. They maintain, operate and perform maintenance on fueling and lubricating systems. They enforce safety precautions around fueling systems and perform supervisory functions in fuel and lubricating oil spaces.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 184

13. Aviation Boatswains Mate, Handling (AB)

an Aviation Boatswains Mate at work
An Aviation Boatswains Mate at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: Aviation Boatswains mates are the guys you see running around on the flight decks of aircraft carriers.  They are responsible for launching and recovering aircraft from the flight deck, refueling planes, and directing traffic aboard the carrier.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 184

14. Aviation Electrician’s Mate (AE)

an Aviation Electrician's Mate at work
An Aviation Electrician’s Mate at work. Image: dodlive.mil

What They Do: They use electrical measuring equipment to generate power for aircraft’s electrical needs and automatic control systems. They can act as aircrew on different aircraft and also control inertial navigation systems.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 222

15. Aviation Electronics Technician (AT)

an Aviation Electronics Technician at work
An Aviation Electronics Technician at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They ensure that all the electrical components of an aircraft such as warfare sensors, communication, radar, and navigation are in order and fully functioning.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 222

16. Aviation Machinist’s Mate (AD)

an Aviation Machinist's Mate at work
An Aviation Machinist’s Mate at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: These are aircraft engine mechanics. They carry out inspection, tests, and make adjustments and repairs to aircraft propellers and engines. ADs also carry out routine checks and maintenance of aircraft, and also prepare aircraft for flights. They also help flight engineers.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210 

17. Aviation Maintenance Administration Man (AZ)

an Aviation Maintenance Administration Man at work
An Aviation Maintenance Administration Man at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They perform different administrative, clerical, and managerial duties to maintain aircraft monitoring and repair activities running as planned. The AZ also oversees maintenance and scheduling work, including inspections and repair of aircraft and its equipment.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 102

18. Aviation Ordnanceman (AO)

an Aviation Ordnanceman at work
An Aviation Ordnanceman at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They are responsible for operating aviation ordnance equipment, maintaining guns, bombs, rockets, missiles, and torpedoes. They are also involved in issuing and loading of small arms.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 140

19. Aviation Structural Mechanic (AM)

an Aviation Structural Mechanic at work
An Aviation Structural Mechanic at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They are responsible for maintaining aircraft’s primary and ancillary hydraulic power systems, landing gears, and triggering subsystems. These technicians also inspect, removes, and overhaul hydraulic systems. They may also act as naval aircrew where they perform in-flight duties and operates aircraft systems in a helicopter, propeller aircraft, or turbojet.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210

20. Aviation Structural Mechanic – Equipment (AME)

an Aviation Structural Mechanic - Equipment at work
An Aviation Structural Mechanic – Equipment at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: Their focus is all other aspects of safety gear, such as seat and canopy ejections, life raft ejections, fire extinguishers, ventilation, cabin heat and air, shoulder harnesses and lap belts. They are involved with pre and post flight inspections.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210

21. Aviation Support Equipment Technician (AS)

an Aviation Support Equipment Technician at work
An Aviation Support Equipment Technician at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They test, repair, maintain and repair automotive electrical systems using diesel and gasoline. They can also test and operate pneumatic and hydraulic systems.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210

22. Boatswain’s Mate (BM)

an Boatswain’s Mate at work
An Boatswain’s Mate at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They train and oversee staffs who are doing ship repair work especially for activities relating to deck, painting, boat seamanship, marlinspike, rigging, or ships structure.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 135

23. Builder (BU)

an Builder at work
An Builder at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They are responsible for constructing and repairing concrete, masonry, and wood structures and also do painting work. They are knowledgeable in using sheetrock and ceramic tile and can give material labor projections and material estimates when called upon.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 145

24. Construction Electrician (CE)

an Construction Electrician at work
An Construction Electrician at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They install and repair wiring and lighting systems as well as inspecting electrical components such as circuit breakers and transfers. The CE also uses different testing devices to detect electrical problems in fixtures and equipment for purposes of repair.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 201

25. Construction Mechanic (CM)

an Construction Mechanic at work
An Construction Mechanic at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They inspect cranes, graders, bulldozers, and other heavy machinery used for constructions to ensure they perform optimally and are free of faults and malfunctions.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 162

26. Cryptologic Technician Interpretive (CTI/ATF)

Cryptologic Technician Interpretive (CTI-ATF)
Cryptologic Technician Interpretive at work. Image: dodlive.mil

What They Do: Cryptologic Technician Interpretive, Advanced Technical Field, analyze encrypted electronic communications. They decipher foreign languages. Using various equipment and networks they will jam enemy radar signals and gain secret intelligence.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 126

27. Cryptologic Technician – Technical (CTT)

an Cryptologic Technician at work
An Cryptologic Technician at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They do specialized duties relating to the collection of shipborne, land-based, and airborne radar signals. They operate systems emitting high-power signals to diffuse radar-guided weapons systems.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 162

28. Cryptologic Technician Technical (CTT/AEF)

Cryptologic Technician Technical (CTT-AEF)
Cryptologic Technician Technical monitoring radar in a combat direction center. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: Cryptologic Technician Technical branch in the Advanced Electronic Field (AEF) are responsible for repairing and conducting preventative maintenance on computer-controlled electronic equipment. They operate detection systems and are the first line of defense against inbound threats.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 223

29. Cryptologic Technician Technical (CTT/SG)

Cryptologic Technician Technical (CTT-SG)
Cryptologic Technician Technical (CTT/SG) at work. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: Cryptologic Technician Technical School Guaranteed are well versed in radar system theory. They operate analog and digital collection devices. They complete intelligence analysis computer operations.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 162

30. Cryptologic Technician – Collection (CTR)

an Cryptologic Technician - Collection at work
An Cryptologic Technician – Collection at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: Operate advanced computer systems for cyberspace operations and collect signal information to identify and locate worldwide threats. They also safeguard and control access to classified information and materials.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 109

31. Cryptologic Technician Interpretive (CTI)

an Cryptologic Technician Interpretive at work
An Cryptologic Technician Interpretive at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: These are the Navy’s linguists. They specialize in translating and interpreting foreign language communications data. They monitor, identify, collect, and analyze information and also do computer network operations to help Navy execute its mission.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 126

32. Cryptologic Technician – Maintenance (CTM)

an Cryptologic Technician - Maintenance at work
An Cryptologic Technician – Maintenance at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: Their key role is to provide hardware and software installation as well as to keep electronic communications equipment up-to-date.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 223

33. Cryptologic Technician – Networks (CTN)

an Cryptologic Technician - Technical at work
An Cryptologic Technician – Technical at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They perform a variety of tasks relating to the technical and analytical computer networks in support of operational commanders. 

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 235

34. Culinary Specialist (CS)

an Culinary Specialist at work
An Culinary Specialist at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: These sailors train in baking and cooking as well as manage living and dining areas. They order food items, prepare menus, and operate kitchen facilities, keep financial budgets and food supplies budget.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 82

35. Culinary Specialist (Submarine) (CSS)

Culinary Specialist (Submarine)
Culinary Specialist (Submarine) preparing food. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: Culinary Specialist, Submarine are responsible for preparing menus, serving food and keeping food supply records. At times these specialist may provide personal food service for commanders and senior government executives in addition to running the White House Mess for the President of the United States.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 200

36. Damage Controlman (DC)

an Damage Controlmanat at work
An Damage Controlman at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They are involved in ensuring damage control and fire prevention and are also involved in maintaining ship stability. They act as firefighters and handle biological and radiological warfare defense. These sailors also repair damage control systems and equipment.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 150

37. Electrician’s Mate (EM)

an Electrician's Mate at work
An Electrician’s Mate at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They operate electrical equipment powering a ship including electrical power generation systems, electrical appliances, and lighting systems.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210

38. Electrician’s Mate (Submarine)

Electrician's Mate (Submarine)
Electrician’s Mate monitoring the propulsion plant console. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: These individuals operate and perform maintenance on power and distribution systems. They will troubleshoot and test electrical currents and other electrical systems/equipment.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210

39. Electronics Technician (ET)

an Electronics Technician at work
An Electronics Technician at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They are tasked with overseeing different types of electronic equipment and systems from designing electronic components to repairing and troubleshooting existing systems.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 222

40. Electronics Technician (Nuclear) ET (NUC)

an Electronics Technician at work
An Electronics Technician at work. Image: getarchive.net

What They Do: These high-tech individuals are trained to perform different tasks in nuclear propulsions industry and operate power generators and propulsion systems.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 252

41. Engineering Aide (EA)

an Engineering Aide at work
An Engineering Aide at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They design drainage and grading systems and also conduct soil and asphalt tests for Navy construction projects. They are allowed to work independently or in a team.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 207

42. Engineman (EN)

an Engineman at work
An Engineman at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: These sailors ensure water, fuel, and air piping systems are well aligned and oversee operations of ships’ diesel engines. They maintain and repair diesel engines as well as relevant ship parts such as compressors, gears, and propellers.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 195

43. Equipment Operator (EO)

an Equipment Operator at work
An Equipment Operator at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They operate heavy construction and transportation equipment including bulldozers, backhoes, forklifts, graders, trucks, asphalt equipment, and cranes. They act as the construction foremen of the Navy.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 145

44. Explosive Ordinance Disposal (EOD)

an Explosive Ordinance Disposal at work
An Explosive Ordinance Disposal at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They use their expertise in conventional and unconventional explosives to dispose explosive weaponry in a secure manner. They handle biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 165

45. Fire Control Technician (FT)

an Fire Control Technician at work
An Fire Control Technician at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They are responsible for administrative and operational aspects of the Navy’s computer, electrical and mechanical equipment on submarines. They also analyze critical systems including radar, sonar, radio, and periscope to ensure submarine safety.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 222

46. Fire Control Technician (Submarine) (FT)

Fire Control Technician (Submarine)
Fire Control Technician (Submarine) at work. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: Fire Control Technicians will perform maintenance on submarine combat control systems and related equipment. They are responsible for testing, operating and maintaining combat control systems and non-tactical computer systems.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 222

47. Fire Controlman (FC)

an Fire Controlman at work
An Fire Controlman at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They perform regular maintenance on mainframe computers, weapon control consoles, automatic gun systems, and anything else electro-mechanical in regards to the ship’s weapons system. The FCs are responsible for maintaining the ship’s readiness for combat operations.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 223

48. Fireman (FN)

Fireman (FN)
Fireman (FN) at work. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: Fireman stand underway engineering watches, operate electrical and sound-powered communication systems and serve and members of emergency, rescue and response teams. This rating is a Professional Apprenticeship Career Track (PACT) program leading to other ratings.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 200

49. Gas Turbine Systems Technician – Electrical (GSE)

an Gas Turbine Systems Technician - Electrical at work
An Gas Turbine Systems Technician – Electrical at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They operate and repair electrical machinery of auxiliary gear, main propulsion machinery, and gas turbine equipment.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210

50. Gas Turbine Systems Technician – Mechanical (GSM)

an Gas Turbine Systems Technician - Mechanical at work
An Gas Turbine Systems Technician – Mechanical at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They repair and maintain mechanical gears of supporting equipment, gas turbine equipment and assigned equipment.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 205

51. Gunner’s Mate (GM)

an Gunner's Mate at work
An Gunner’s Mate at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: The GM operate and maintain gun mounts, steered missile systems, underwater explosive weapons, as well as magazines and small arms.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 205

52. Hospital Corpsman (HM)

an Hospital Corpsman at work
An Hospital Corpsman at work. Image: navylive.dodlive.mil

What They Do: They function as a specialty health care provider, a medical administrator, or a clinician at a medical treatment facility. They also function as battlefield corpsmen when the Marine Corps is engaged in war whereby they provide emergency medical care to injured Marines in a combat environment.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 156

53. Hospital Corpsman (HM/5YO)

Hospital Corpsman (HM-5YO)
Hospital Corpsman using cryotherapy. Image: health.mil

What They Do: Hospital Corpsman in the 5 year enlistment perform duties similar to the Hospital Corpsman HM. Hospital Corpsman assist in the prevention and treatment of disease. They have multiple roles in the medical field all surrounding providing medical treatment to Naval personnel and families.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 156

54. Hospital Corpsman (HM/SG)

Hospital Corpsman (HM-SG)
Hospital Corpsman prepares to take a blood sample. Image: southcom.mil

What They Do: Hospital Corpsman in the school guaranteed track assist health care professionals in providing medical treatment. In this career path Hospital Corpsman will attend the Hospital Corps Class “A” school to learn various medical support positions.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 156

55. Hull Maintenance Technician (HT)

an Hull Maintenance Technician at work
An Hull Maintenance Technician at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They do metalwork to keep all shipboard surfaces and structures in tiptop condition. They also carry out maintenance of shipboard plumbing, repair small boats, and maintain ballast control systems.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 150

56. Information Systems Technician (IT)

an Information Systems Technician at work
An Information Systems Technician at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: These are Enlisted Sailors who carry out different duties including database management, network management, software, and hardware operation, and maintaining Navy universal satellites.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 222

57. Information Systems Technician (IT/ATF)

Information Systems Technician (IT-ATF)
Information Systems Technician making adjustments to a DAMA console. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: Information Systems Technician, Advanced Technical Field, will troubleshoot user issues. They provide advanced programming capabilities and design information system technology.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 222

58. Information Systems Technician (IT/SG)

Information Systems Technician (IT-SG)
Information Systems Technician reading an information systems manual. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: Information Systems Technician, school guaranteed, will perform similar functions to Information Systems Technician IT. They will attend Class “A” Technical School to learn various software and security programming.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 222

59. Information Systems Technician (Submarine) (ITS)

Information Systems Technician (Submarine) (ITS)
Information Systems Technician standing watch. Image: flickr

What They Do: Information Systems Technician, Submarine, design, install, operate and maintain information systems and applications. Their programs assist with the collection, manipulation and distribution of data. They work with General Service (GENSER), unclassified and Special Intelligence (SI) systems.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 222

60. Intelligence Specialist (IS)

an Intelligence Specialist at work
An Intelligence Specialist at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They perform most of their duties from an office or watch environment. They normally work together with other branches to do analysis so as to support Navy personnel on land, at sea, in the air, and undersea carry out their missions.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 107

61. Intelligence Specialist (IS/ATF)

Intelligence Specialist (IS-ATF)
Intelligence Specialist at work. Image: dodlive.mil

What They Do: Intelligence Specialist, Advanced Technical Field, are responsible for processing and disseminating information. They complete multi-source operational intelligence and prepare materials, documents and graphics for review.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 107

62. Interior Communications Electrician (IC)

an Interior Communications Electrician at work
An Interior Communications Electrician at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They perform intermediate and structural repairs and maintenance of warning, indicator, and alarm systems. They also operate ships entertainment and navigation systems.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 213

63. Legalman (LN)

an Legalman at work
An Legalman at work. Image: navylive.dodlive.mil

What They Do: The LN performs paralegal duties, such as recording courts martial, administrative discharges, legal research, and assistance to commands in regards to legal administration to name just a few.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 157

64. Logistics Specialist (LS)

an Logistics Specialist at work
An Logistics Specialist at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They manage inventories and release of general supplies, specialized supplies, and repair parts. They also procure and receive supplies as well as managing financial books related to purchases. Plus, they send all personal and official emails to respective personnel in the Seabees and other Navy forces.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 96

65. Logistics Specialist – Submarines LS(SS)

an Logistics Specialist - Submarines LS at work
An Logistics Specialist – Submarines LS at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They manage inventories and general supplies for submarines. They also issue repair and maintenance, and unique supplies such as combat tools and gear for Submarines.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 200

66. Machinery Repairman (MR)

Machinery Repairman (MR)
A Machinery Repairman at work. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: They assist enginemen by making or refurbishing parts in the machine shop. They also repair and operate auxiliary machinery.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 205

67. Machinist’s Mate (MM)

an Machinist's Mate at work
An Machinist’s Mate at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They operate and repair ship propellers, outside machinery such as refrigerators, hoisting machinery, etc., and auxiliary equipment.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 195

68. Machinist’s Mate (Nuclear Field)

Machinist's Mate (Nuclear Field)
Machinist’s Mate on a Nuclear powered aircraft carrier. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: Machinist’s Mates, Nuclear Power operate Naval Nuclear propulsion plants. Responsibilities include both operating and maintaining various nuclear equipment parts and repair systems. They will complete inventories and perform testing functions.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 290

69. Machinist’s Mate (Submarine) (MMA)

Machinist's Mate (Submarine) (MMA)
Machinist’s Mate working on a hydraulic supply system. Image: dodlive.mil

What They Do: These individuals are responsible for operating and repairing submarine auxiliary systems. They complete extensive training in hydraulic power plants, oxygen generators, pressurized air systems and more. They perform maintenance on operations that are vital for daily activities.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210

70. Mass Communication Specialist (MC)

navy mass communication specialist
Navy mass communication specialist at work. Image: Wikimedia.org

What They Do: They present the Navy story to the public and the rest of the world through different media platforms. The MC print and broadcast news and journalistic stories for the military on civilian newspapers and television stations. They also record videos and photograph military operations, Navy events and exercises.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 115

71. Master-At-Arms (MA)

an Master-At-Arms at work
An Master-At-Arms at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They uphold law and order inshore stations and in ships. They also support anti-terrorism/force protection units overseas. However, their main role is to enforce rules and regulations, protect life and property, and also maintain order and discipline. Other duties including taking part in rehabilitative and correctional programs.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 98

72. Mineman (MN)

an Mineman at work
A Mineman at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They perform duties at sea using minesweepers to help in uncovering and nullification of immersed mines. They also safely handle and store mines for transportation.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 210

73. Missile Technician (MT)

an Missile Technician at work
A Missile Technician at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They maintain ballistic missiles as well as launching systems. They operate and maintain related launching systems such as powerful hydraulic and air pressure system.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 222

74. Musician (MU)

an Musician at work
An Musician at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They compose, transcribe and arrange music for bands. They give concerts and provide entertainment during military ceremonies, parades, social occasions, and religious services.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 31QT

77. Operations Specialist (OS)

an Operations Specialist at work
An Operations Specialist at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They monitor and guide ship’s position and movement and also operate common marine digital navigation instruments including radar systems. Other duties of these ratings include plotting data to combat information center from different tracking devices.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 157

78. Personnel Specialist (PS)

an Personnel Specialist at work
An Personnel Specialist at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They provide enlisted personnel or Navy recruits with all the counseling and information they need. They educate them regarding Navy occupations, job training, different opportunities in the Navy, rights, and benefits, and how to get promoted. They also educate recruit’s families on what to expect and how to handle personal hardships that arise from separation.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 105

79. Quartermaster (QM)

an Quartermaster at work
An Quartermaster at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They are in charge of the watch-to-watch navigation. They also prepare and correct nautical charts as well as navigation publication. In other words, QM specializes in navigation.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 96

80. Religious Program Specialist (RP)

an Yeoman at work
An Religious program specialist at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They assist naval chaplains to carry out their duties and also help develop programs together with naval chaplains that meet the needs of U.S. Marines, Navy sailors, and their families. They also provide security for chaplains and organized faith-based activities.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 157

81. Seaman (SN)

Navy Seaman
Navy Seaman at work. Image: flickr

What They Do: Navy Seaman serve as helmsmen and lookouts. They work in non-engineering divisions completing repairs and maintaining equipment for underway operations. They will stand security watches while in port and underway. This rating is part of the Seaman Apprenticeship Training Program in which individuals gain on-the-job experience towards other ratings.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 96

82. Ship’s Serviceman (SH)

an Ship's Serviceman at work
An Ship’s Serviceman at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They operate and manage all shipboard service and retail activities including ship’s store, video games, vending machines, barber shops, tailor shops, and laundry shops. The SH also serve as clerks in gas stations, commissary stores, and warehouses.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 95

83. Sonar Technician (ST)

an Sonar Technician at work
An Sonar Technician at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They are responsible for conducting underwater surveillance. They also aid in search and rescue operations as well as repair sonar equipment.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 223

84. Sonar Technician – Surface (STG)

Sonar Technician - Surface (STG)
Sonar Technician, Surface, monitoring contacts. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: Sonar Technician, Surface operate sonar systems and underwater fire control systems. They may work on equipment on surface ships including destroyers, cruisers and frigates. The Technicians will identify sounds, interpret messages and recognize malfunctions.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 223

85. Sonar Technician – Surface (STG/SG)

Sonar Technician - Surface (STG-SG)
Sonar Technician, Surface, in the combat information center. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: Sonar Technician, Surface, school guaranteed, will learn advanced maintenance and operating skills on sonar systems and underwater fire control. Individuals in this career path will attend Class “A” Technical School to learn sonar fundamentals and operator skills.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 223

86. Sonar Technician – Submarine (STS)

Sonar Technician - Submarine (STS)
Sonar Technician, Submarines, taking sonar readings. Image: wikimedia

What They Do: These individuals have the responsibility of operating the submarine’s computer and control mechanisms. These mechanisms are used for underwater surveillance and scientific data collection. They also maintain, test and repair these systems.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 222

87. Special Warfare Boat Operator (SWCC)

an Special Warfare Boat Operator at work
An Special Warfare Boat Operator at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They are specially trained to support special operations missions in naval environs and work with Naval Special Warfare Air, Sea, and Land teams. They drive speedboats down narrow rivers and in the ocean in high and moderate speeds. They are trained to perform interdiction operations and collect intelligence information as well as patrolling coastal areas.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 103

88. Special Warfare Operator (SO)

an Underwater Construction Team at work
Navy Special Warfare Operators at work. Image: wikimedia.org


What They Do: They conduct warfare at sea, air, and land (SEAL). Their core skills consist of communicator, sniper, maritime, corpsman, navigator, close-air support, etc. They carry out ocean-borne mine disposal and conduct direct raids on targeted areas.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 50

89. Steelworker (SW)

an Steelworker at work
An Steelworker at work. Image: wikimedia.org

What They Do: They are considered part of Seabees or Construction Battalion. They rig equipment used for fabricating structural steel, building metal structures, and sheet metal. These sailors also carry cutting and welding tasks. Some of the construction projects they are involved in include erecting steel bridges, buildings, tanks, and towers as well as welding structural steel plates and shapes for heavy construction work.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 145

90. Submarine Electronics/Computer Field (SECF)

an Submarine Electronics/Computer Field at work
An Submarine Electronics/Computer Field at work. Image: defense.gov

What They Do: They offer all-encompassing training on how to operate and maintain advanced digital systems, modern computers, and automated tools used in submarine sonar, communication, and triangulation systems.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 222

91. Underwater Construction Team (UCT)

navy underwater construction team
Navy underwater construction team at work. Image: Defense.gov

What They Do: These are approved scuba divers and operate SCUBA diving apparatus in both permissive operational areas and non-permissive areas. They also test, adjust, and repair the Navy’s diving equipment.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 51

92. Utilitiesman (UT)

navy utilitiesman
A Navy Utilitiesman at work. Image: Wikimedia.org

What They Do: They operate and maintain plumbing, steam and fuel storage, heating, and distribution systems. The UT also treat water and fix distribution systems, refrigeration equipment, and air conditioning systems. Utilitiesman also do sewage collecting and discarding work at Navy shore installations centers.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 201

93. Yeoman (YN)

navy yeoman
Navy yeoman at work. Image: Wikimedia.org

What They Do: They perform clerical and administrative tasks. They coordinate worldwide travel, deal with visitors, receive and make telephone calls, assist staff commands, squadrons, ships, and special warfare teams. They also write business and social letters as well as publishing directives, reports, and forms.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 148

Click Here to learn more about the Yeoman (YN) rating.

See Our Other Military Branch Job Lists Below:

Army MOS List: A List of all 159 Army Jobs

Air Force Jobs List: A List of All 135 AFSC’s in the Air Force

Coast Guard Jobs List: A List of All 24 Ratings in the Coast Guard

Marine Corps MOS List And ASVAB Score: Details of all USMC Jobs

Nicholas A.

General FAQ

Does the Navy have MOS'?

Unlike most of the other branches, the Navy does not consider their jobs 'MOS. Rather, they are referred to as ratings, or 'rates'.


How many Navy ratings are there?

As of 2020, there are over 90 ratings in the Navy that are available to enlisted members.


What are the best jobs in the Navy?

Some of the most sought-after jobs in the Navy include Navy SEAL (SO), Air Traffic Controller (AC), and Master-at-Arms (MA).


Can you pick your job in the Navy?

While the needs of the Navy come first, it is certainly possible to choose your job (or rating) in the US Navy.


How long is Navy basic training?

Conducted at Navy Recruit Training Command in Great Lakes, Illinois, Navy boot camp is approximately 7 weeks long.

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6 Replies to “Navy Jobs List: A List Of All 93 Ratings In The Navy (2020)

  1. What, no Postal Clerks, Radiomen or Signalmen? I was a Signalman Third Class aboard the USS Belknap (DLG-26) from 1/71 to 7/74.

    1. Hey Curtis,
      Sorry for the late reply! All 3 of those ratings have been merged with other ratings, here’s what they are now:

      Postal Clerk – Logistics Specialist (LS)

      Radioman – Information Systems Technician (IT) and Operations Specialist (OS)

      Signalman – Quartermaster

      Hope this clears things up!

      1. What changes as methods and equipment evolve! No AF (Aviation Photographer) or PH (Photographer). We used to cover launches and recoveries with still and motion picture cameras from the island and catwalks of prop aircraft on CVE 107, or jets on CVA-11 (USS Intrepid now a museum in NYC). I remember shooting movies for BBC at the South Pole during Operation Deep Freeze.

        1. All MC now, Mass Communication Specialist. Something that started to change when I was in around 2006 I believe, but I might be a little off.

  2. Really enjoy the list and the details as my son is looking to enlist and things have changed in the 11 years I have been out. I did notice you were missing EM(N): Electrician’s Mate Nuclear. EM, ET and MM where the three choice we had to choose from, unless that rate has been absorbed and rebranded like others. Thank you again.

    1. Glad to help! We actually do have a short bit on the EMN rate, it’s listed under ‘Electrician’s Mate (Submarine)’, #38 above.

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