Army Human Resource Specialists (MOS 42A) are responsible for performing personnel and administrative functions.
Their role is to provide human resources support to all military members, regardless of rank or classification.
Human Resource Specialist ensure the readiness, health and welfare of all soldiers.
Qualifications and Training
To enter into this MOS, recruits must receive a minimum score of 100 on the General Technical (GT) and 90 on the Clerical (CL) portions of the ASVAB test.
You must also be able to meet secret security clearance as the information in this MOS can be private and sensitive.
Once all entry testing is complete, recruits will attend 10 weeks of Basic Combat Training (BCT).
When BCT is complete, recruits will head to Advanced Individual Training for 9 weeks.
This training is a combination of hands on and classroom instruction.
There may be opportunities for advanced training depending on the type of unit that the individual is assigned to.
The advanced training may include postal operations, air assault or airborne school.
Skills that are helpful in this MOS:
- Communication and people skills
- Ability to follow detailed orders/instruction
- English and Business administration aptitude
Related Article –12 Best Military Jobs by Branch
What does a Human Resource Specialist do?
Human Resource Specialists are available to ensure soldiers are being taken care of.
This job ranges from making sure soldiers have opportunities to vote to processing human resource documentation.
Soldiers may work in Human Resource centers alongside civilians or be in a deployed unit.
Specialist will advise commanders, staff and unit soldiers on all human resource issues.
This position will help with not just assisting personnel actions that involve soldiers, but their families as well.
Soldiers in this MOS oversee all strength management and strength distribution actions.
It is their job to know how many soldiers are deployed and if there are an adequate amount of soldiers.
Documentation processing is a large portion of this job.
They maintain all officer and enlisted personnel records.
Human Resource Specialist assist soldiers with career development.
They keep track of soldier career progress and help with applications on training.
When a soldier needs to travel, go to their new duty station, or needs to come in or out of the unit, the Human Resources Specialist will initiate the paperwork process and forms.
Part of their position may be creating ID cards for new soldiers.
The specialist will draft request for personnel actions.
This can include processing recommendations for awards and decorations or specialized training.
Human Resource Specialists also assist in processing promotion packets including verifying promotion status and date, and duty status changes.
Working in this MOS requires individuals to be comfortable working on computers.
They will learn and be required to use different computer programs to update personnel information.
Processing personnel financial transactions such as a pay inquiry, is also part of the specialist job duties.
The specialist will be required to maintain all emergency notification data.
Advanced training opportunities could lead to work as an executive assistant, work as a postal clerk or additional training in courses such as leadership.
The Army recruiting video below gives more information on training and job duties of MOS 42A.
How much does a Human Resource Specialist get paid?
Human Resource Specialist get paid based on rank and time of service.
For entry level recruits, you can generally expect to make around $20,000 of base income a year.
This base income does not include any recruiting bonuses, special pay, allowances or benefits.
The base pay table below can be followed to get an estimate of income.
|Insignia||Pay Grade||Rank||Abbreviation||Minimum Monthly Pay|
|E-2||Private Second Class||PV2||$1,943|
|E-3||Private First Class||PFC||$2,043|
|E-7||Sergeant First Class||SFC||$3,114|
|E-9||Command Sergeant Major||CSM||$5,473|
|E-9||Sergeant Major of the Army||SMA||$5,473|
Related Article-Army MOS 25Q: Career Details
The Army offers benefits that most civilian jobs do not offer.
For soldiers living on base, housing and food are paid for.
They also provide special pay for certain scenarios such as deployment.
For those who wish to continue their education, there are tuition assistance opportunities as well as book cost assistance.
Other benefits include:
- Free/low cost medical and dental
- Low-cost life insurance
- Paid sick time
- Paid vacation
- Annual clothing allowance
Most reviews from previous Human Resource Specialist are positive.
One of the main topics that is discussed frequently in reviews is the skills that are learned being transferable to the civilian career field.
Reviews also discussed the position being what you make of it.
The more effort someone puts into their training or advancing their career, the more successful they will be.
Positive aspects included the skills learned and the feeling of being able to help other soldiers and their families.
Negative reviews discuss how the job can sometimes be repetitive or have long hours.
The review below discusses the experience in a Human Resource Specialist position.
The Army video below shows how a soldier in MOS 42A feels about their position, training and career outlook.
Civilian Career Opportunities
Working as a Human Resources Specialist in the Army allows for civilian career opportunities in multiple administrative positions.
The skills learned along with the discipline the Army teaches, opens the door to civilian positions in payroll, human resources, labor relations, office clerk, executive secretary, record keeping and human relations.
While in the Army, soldiers can receive certificates that help with promotions in the Army and civilian careers after the Army, and they can even be Army or GI Bill funded.
Some of the certificates specialist can receive include Professional in Human Resources (PHR) and Senior Professional in Human Resources (SPHR).
The Human Resources Specialist MOS qualifies for the recruiting program PAYS as well.
This program ensures that soldiers receive a job interview with a military friendly employer.
Related Article-10 Best Army Jobs For Civilian Life in 2019
Army Human Resources Specialist (MOS 42A) assist soldiers in any human resource need or request.
They are responsible for keeping soldier human resource records, assisting with promotion packets and strength distribution.
To enter into this MOS, recruits must be eligible for security clearance.
Training involves Basic Combat Training and Advanced Individual Training with additional training available.
This position follows the basic pay table and soldiers are offered benefits and allowances.
Most previous Human Resources Specialist enjoy their job and like helping other soldiers.
Skills learned in this position directly relate to administrative positions as a civilian.
Related Article – Human Intelligence Collector (MOS 35M): Career Details