coast guard jobs list
Coast Guard

Coast Guard Jobs List: A list of all 24 ratings in the Coast Guard (2019)

Like several other military branches, the Coast Guard call their enlisted jobs ratings.

Each of these ratings are categorized according to their responsibilities.

In order to become an enlisted member of the Coast Guard you are required to take the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery test or ASVAB for short.

Listed here are all 24 Coast Guard ratings, what they do, as well as the minimum ASVAB score needed.

If you want to pursue a career in any of these positions you will need to pass the ASVAB Test score with at least a minimum score.

1. Avionics Electrical Technician (AET)

What They Do: These “trons” as they are referred to by the aviation community are the techies of their field. They maintain, service, inspect, and repair aircraft power, communications, navigation, auto flight and sensor systems. In some cases, AETs will have to hold an aircrew position in specific Coast Guard aircraft. They will work with: communications, radar, navigation, anti-submarine warfare sensors, electronic warfare, data link, fire control, and tactical displays with associated equipment.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 171

2. Aviation Maintenance Technician (AMT)

What They Do: Stationed at large and small Coast Guard air stations including Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico, AMTs maintain and crew aircrafts including HC-130 H and J, HC-144, and the HU-25A. They inspect, service, maintain, troubleshoot and repair aircraft engines, auxiliary power units, propellers, rotor systems, power train systems, associated airframe, and systems-specific electrical components.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 213

3. Aviation Survival Technician (AST)

What They Do: Referred to as “rescue swimmers”, and trained at the Aviation Survival Technician/Rescue Swimmer school at the Coast Guard Air Station Elizabeth City, North Carolina. Besides their film worthy work (see 2006 film The Guardian starring Kevin Costner and Ashton Kutcher) ASTs inspect, service, maintain, troubleshoot, and repair aircraft, aircrew survival equipment and rescue devices.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 162

4. Boatswain’s Mate (BM)

What They Do: Considered to be the most versatile member of the Coast Guard’s operational team, these guys are the master of the sea. As a BM you will be capable of performing any task that is connected to deck maintenance. You should have a general knowledge of ropes and cables, including different uses, stresses, strains, and proper stowing. Be expected to be assigned to some more challenging duties associated with traditional maritime law enforcement.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 101

5. Culinary Specialist (CS)

What They Do: Culinary Specialists are exactly what they sound like; they’re cooks! CSs’ are responsible for preparing and cooking meals, taking inventory for food items, and also learn how to use dining facility equipment. It actually makes for an exciting and rewarding career after your time in the Coast Guard is up!

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 106

6. Damage Controlman (DC)

What They Do: These are the maintenance and emergency repair specialists. They are responsible for watertight integrity, emergency equipment associated with firefighting and flooding.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 152

7. Diver (DV)

What They Do: A new position that was created in 2014 for the Coast Guard. Considered among the elite of divers in the world, they sweep ports and waterways during coastal security missions. In addition, they survey coral reefs and environmental sensitive areas; repair, maintain, and place aids to navigation.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score:

8. Electrician’s Mate (EM)

What They Do: As an EM you will be standing watch on most of the electrical equipment on board. This includes generators and switchboards. They operate and perform maintenance on power and lighting circuits, motors, voltage and frequency regulators, controllers, distribution switchboards and other electrical equipment. They support the Coast Guard’s fleet of cutters.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 152

9. Electronics Technician (ET)

What They Do: Working and supporting large and small shops, communications stations, and all major cutters, ET’s are responsible for the installation, maintenance, repair and management of electronic equipment such as shipboard weapons, communications receivers and transmitters.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 171

10. Food Service Specialist (FS)

What They Do: A well fed crew is a happy crew. As a FS you will have an important task of managing food on board. They operate and manage U.S. Navy messes and living quarters in addition to keeping track of quantities, preparing menus, serving meals, maintain food service spaces in a clean and sanitary condition. A bonus is you get to operate messes for the President of the United States when he/she visits Camp David or at the White House.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 106

11. Gunner’s Mate (GM)

What They Do: One of the oldest ratings in the Coast Guard, you will have the opportunity to train personnel in the proper handling of all weapons, ammunition, and pyrotechnics. Their expertise in weaponry ranges from 9mm small arms to ship board 76mm cannons. In addition, they perform maintenance on all gunnery equipment.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 208

12. Health Services Technician (HS)

What They Do: Health services technicians are responsible for providing emergency healthcare services and daily medical care for Coast Guard personnel and families. They should be familiar with performing diagnostic testing, prescribing medications, administering immunizations, and x-rays, prescribing medications. Some days they will need to perform minor surgeries.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 154

13. Information Systems Technician (IT)

What They Do: Responsible for the management of communication devices, ITs maintain all telecommunications equipment such as telephones, voicemails, networks, pole lines, computer-based data communications and processing systems. They work with local and wide area networks, installing copper and fiber optic cables, routers and servers.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 171

14. Intelligence Specialist (IS)

What They Do: Intelligence Specialists are the strategic members of the Coast Guard. They perform a wide range of duties associated with the collection and analysis of intelligence, often on potential enemies. IS should be ready to prepare and present intelligence briefings after spending some time analyzing intel. They work with graphics, maps, files, and charts to convey their message across.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score:

15. Investigator (IV)

What They Do: Investigators conduct both criminal and personal background investigations. They collect and analyze intelligence information and provide personal protection to high-ranking Coast Guard officials and other VIPs.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: None established

16. Machinery Technician (MK)

What They Do: As a Machinery Technician you have the opportunity for assignment at every Coast Guard cutter, boat, and shore station. Their main assignments include: Operating, maintaining, and repairing any ship’s propulsion and auxiliary equipment, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. At smaller stations and cutters, they also serve as electricians.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 150

17. Marine Science Technician (MST)

What They Do: This job can vary depending on how many missions you respond to throughout your career. It is necessary to adapt to different circumstances from protecting U.S. waters from oil and other hazardous materials to safety and security inspections. MSTs help enforce regulations to protect the marine environment and keep our nation’s waters clean.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 115

18. Maritime Law Enforcement Specialist

What They Do: As a Maritime Law Enforcement Specialist you will deal with traditional maritime law enforcement, anti-terrorism, force protection, port security and safety, as well as providing unit-level training.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 100

19. Musician (MU)

What They Do: As a musician you will be composing and playing music for bands. The Coast Guard band only recruits the highest skilled musicians, with an audition process that is extremely competitive.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score:

20. Operations Specialist (OS)

What They Do: Operations specialists work in the combat center of the ship. They are responsible for the organized collection, processing, display, competent evaluation and rapid dissemination of tactical combat information. They work with many different equipment to achieve their goal, such as radars, IFF equipment, etc.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 106

21. Port Security Specialist (PS)

What They Do: They provide the Department of Defense layered defensive protection utilizing both waterside and landside security forces.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 101

22. Public Affairs Specialist (PA)

What They Do: Interested in Journalism? As a PA you have the responsibility of being a public-communication expert. PA’s write news releases and articles, serve as spokespersons, and maintain websites to raise public awareness on the Coast Guard.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 110

23. Storekeeper (SK)

What They Do: Utilizing all types of office equipment and computers they handle all logistical functions and are considered experts when it comes to accounting. They will negotiate with vendors and make sure that taxpayers’ money isn’t wasted.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 106

24. Yeoman (YN)

What They Do: These are the Human Resource specialists. They work with making sure Coast Guard members understand their pay, benefits, and policies. Customer service and Administrative experience help when being a Yeoman.

Minimum ASVAB Test Score: 106

Conclusion

Joining the US Coast Guard can be one of the most rewarding experiences of your life.

Now that you have a better understanding of the types of Coast Guard ratings you qualify for, it should help to make your decision to join a bit easier.

If you are truly interested in joining the Coast Guard, I would recommend you check out this article.

It will tell you everything you need to know about joining, including the basic requirements, physical fitness tests, what basic training (boot camp) is like, and more.

Good luck on your journey, and remember the Coast Guard motto….

Semper Paratus!

Coast Guard Jobs List: A list of all 24 ratings in the Coast Guard (2019)
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Resources

Coast Guard Official Site

Find A Coast Guard Recruiter

Rob V.
Rob V.
Rob V. is the founder of OperationMilitaryKids.org. While he never actually served in the US Military, he has a passion for writing about military related topics. Born and raised in Woodbridge, NJ, he graduated from the New Jersey Institute Of Technology with an MBA in eCommerce. His hobbies include beach volleyball, target shooting, and lifting. Rob is also a commercially rated pilot with over 1,500 hours of flight time.

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