army cannon crewmember - mos 13b
Army

Army Cannon Crewmember (MOS 13B)

Army Cannon Crewmembers (MOS 13B) operate howitzer cannons.

Their duty is to support infantry and tank units during combat.

An Army Cannon Crewmember (MOS 13B) is vital in making sure the Army is successful on the battlefield.

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Education, Qualifications, and Training

13b mos army
Army Cannon Crewmembers (MOS 13B) support ground infantry during combat missions. Image: Army.com

Army Cannon Crewmembers are experts in handling and operating howtizer canoons.

They also engage in radio and wire communications, identify target locations, and participate in reconnaissance missions.

What all do you need to do or know to become 13B MOS?

Education

The first step is to get your high school diploma or GED equivalent. 

The U.S. Army will not accept you without one of the above.

Secondly, complete the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB).

The series of tests help you better understand your strengths and identify what Army career is most suitable.

You need to score 93 on Field Artillery (FA) in order to be considered for MOS 13B.

Qualifications

There are not a ton of qualifications for becoming MOS 13B aside from scoring at least 93 on the ASVAB for Field Artillery (FA).

No extra security clearance is required though the strength requirement is “very heavy”.

It helps to have an interest in artillery, namely cannon operations to become an Army Cannon Crewmember.

MOS 13B is a physically demanding Army job and the ability to perform under intense pressure will quickly move you up the ranks.

It also helps to be a person that likes to work with a team for a greater purpose, as well as have the intuition to make quick decisions out on the battlefield.

Additionally, you must show no color discrimination between red and green.

Training

New Army recruits first complete 10 weeks of Basic Combat Training, or boot camp.

Then, a prospective Army Cannon Crewmember (MOS 13B) continues with seven weeks of Advanced Individual Training (AIT).

Advanced training is a combination of in-classroom learning and in the field training.

You will learn:

  • How to calculate targets either manually or with electronic instruments.
  • How to handle ammumnition and reload howitzer cannons.
  • The operation of howitzer cannons and other gun systems.
  • Artillery tactics and battle strategies you can use while in combat.

There are also opportunities to develop survival skills and the duties of the field artillery howitzer section.

Soldiers are also trained to set fusses and prepare charges.

Advanced Individual Training takes place at Fort Sill in Oklahoma.

What does an Army Cannon Crewmember Do?

army cannon crewmember
MOS 13B are experts on the howitzer cannon and other heavy artillery. Image: Wikimedia Commons

Army Cannon Crewmembers are an important contributor to the success of Army infantry on the battlefield.

Artillery teams are delegated to support ground infantry and tank units at the point of attack.

When not in combat, the duties of an Army Cannon Crewmember (MOS 13B) shift toward maintaining equipment and other tasks.

MOS 13B are experts with cannons known as howitzers which are single-barrel heavy artillery machines.

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Identify Target Locations

Most Army recruits become MOS 13B because they want to see action on the battlefield.

Consequently, you will first learn how to identify target locations while engage with the enemy.

There are different methods for identify targets so you will learn manual as well as electronic solutions.

Operating Howitzer Cannons

Heavy artillery is defined as “a class of heavy military ranged weapons that are built to launch munitions far beyond the range and power of the infantry small arms”.

Using heavy artillery in combat can serve a variety of purposes from simply being “out-manned” on the battlefield to breaching defense walls and fortifications.

Heavy artillery like howitzer cannons are also effective at taking down enemy tanks and other heavy equipment.

MOS 13B are experts with howitzer cannons.

The cannon contains a relatively short barrel with a single release of a projectile that is capable of climbing to high trajectories in order to cover great distance.

Along with the howizter cannon you may also learn how to operate ammunition trucks and other vehicles.

You will also become proficient using rifles, machine guns, grenades, and rocket launchers.

Wire and Radio Communications

Army Cannon Crewmembers must know how to use wire and radio communications in order to coordinate with other Army personnel.

These types of communications are the most effective while on the battlefield.

13B MOS also perform in reduced visibility environments with infrared and starlight enhancing night vision devices and other equipment.

This technology is effective when used with other types of communications in order to coordinate successful attacks.

Other Duties

An Army Cannon Crewmember (MOS 13B) may also participate in reconnaissance missions, including position preparation and security operations.

There is a need to camouflage position areas as well as transport and manage artillery ammunition.

Soldiers must also maintain their vehicles and artillery in order to make sure they are ready for military operations.

What does an Army Cannon Crewmember make?

13b cannon crewmember
MOS 13B will develop communication skills and other desirable skills for civilian employment. Image: Army University Press

Army Cannon Crewmembers are not paid differently than any other Army profession.

Instead, pay is determined by Army rank and years of service:

InsigniaPay GradeRankAbbreviationAvg. Monthly Pay
E-1PrivatePVT$1,681
E-2Private Second ClassPV2$1,884
army e 3 insignia - pfcE-3Private First ClassPFC$1,981
army e 4 insignia - specialistE-4SpecialistSPC$2,195
army e 4 insignia - corporalE-4CorporalCPL$2,195
E-5SergeantSGT$2,394
E-6Staff SergeantSSG$2,613
E-7Sergeant First ClassSFC$3,021
army e 8 insignia - master sergeantE-8Master SergeantMSG$4,345
E-8First Sergeant1SG$4,345
E-9Sergeant MajorSGM$5,308
E-9Command Sergeant MajorCSM$5,308
e 9 sergeant major of the army insigniaE-9Sergeant Major of the ArmySMA$5,308

Related Article: Army Height And Weight Standards

Benefits

There are many benefits to joining the U.S. Army:

  • Medical Insurance
  • Vacation Time
  • Retirement
  • Special Pay
  • Housing: Allowances for living expenses, utilities, and maintenance.
  • Food: Allowance for the on-base dining hall and access to tax-free department and grocery stores
  • Education: Army members can earn full-tuition, merit-based scholarships, allowances for books and fees, plus annual stipend for living expenses.

Job Reviews

The job reviews for Army Cannon Crewmember (MOS 13B) are positive.

Here is the general consensus on GlassDoor.com:

Others highlight all the benefits of the Army and ability to see the world.

Civilian Job Opportunities

There are no civilian jobs that are the direct equivalent of 13B MOS.

However, some Army Cannon Crewmembers go on to become bus drivers, mechanics, business operations specialists, first-line supervisors and managers, and training and development specialists.

Summary

The U.S. Army depends on an Army Cannon Crewmember (MOS 13B) in order to be successful on the battlefield.

The military job will grant you the opportunity to see action out on the field and work under high pressure situations.

Resources:

  1. https://www.goarmy.com/careers-and-jobs/browse-career-and-job-categories/combat/cannon-crewmember.html
  2. https://www.indeed.com/cmp/U.S.-Army/reviews?fjobtitle=Cannon+Crewmember
Elie P.
Elie P.
Elie Piha served as a paratrooper in the US Army from 2008 to 2012. He used the GI Bill to graduate from UC Berkeley where he majored in English. He currently works as a writing tutor, a freelance writer, and a bartender, is completing a novel based on his time in Afghanistan, and is pursuing graduate school.

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