There are two US military bases currently in Australia. One of them is operated by members of the United States intelligence community and another is operated by the United States Navy.
The Army, Air Force, Marines, and Coast Guard do not have bases in Australia. Learn more about each base below:
Location: Alice Springs, Australia
In Use: 1966-Present
Overall Mission: Since the Cold War, Pine Gap has served as a surveillance base.
It is jointly owned by the U.S. and Australia and was initially known as the “Joint Defence Space Research Facility.”
The official name changed in 1988 to the “Joint Defence Facility Pine Gap” and is responsible for monitoring the signals of satellite and intelligence signals including microwave emissions, anti-missile, and anti-aircraft radar, among others.
- Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
- National Security Agency (NSA)
- US National Reconnaissance Office (NRO)
Official Site: None
Related Article – Air Force Bases in the US
US Navy Base in Australia
Naval Communication Station Harold E. Holt
Location: Exmouth, Western Australia, Australia
In use: 1967-Present
Overall Mission:The only other US military base in Australia is the Naval Communication Station Harold E. Holt, located in northwestern Australia.
The station is operated and maintained by Australia’s Department of Defence, and it provides very low frequency (VLF) radio transmission communications to the United States Navy, the Royal Australian Navy, and their allies.
It serves as a communication hubs for ships and submarines located in the western Pacific and eastern Indian oceans.
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