Army Military Working Dog Handler (MOS 31K)
Army

Army Military Working Dog Handler (MOS 31K): Career Details

Army Military Working Dog Handlers (MOS 31K) are responsible for training and caring for their service dog.

These service dogs are used in both abroad combat operations and installation security in the U.S..

Additionally, other branches of the military (including the Marine Corps), also employ dog handlers for various reasons.

They provide target odor detection and are usually seen as a non-lethal threat neutralizer.

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Qualifications and Training

Becoming a Military Working Dog (MWD) Handler takes an individual with patience who is willing to go through advanced training.

Not only does an individual in this position learn how to train their dog, they learn how to provide care for the dog and they learn basic police functions.

To enter into this position, recruits will be required to achieve a 91 on the Skilled Technical (ST) ASVAB test.

You also must be able to get a secret security clearance.

This means you must be a U.S. Citizen as in most instances, you cannot gain security clearance without being a U.S. Citizen.

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After completing all medical, physical and required placement testing/clearances, recruits will attend Basic Military Training for 10 weeks.

Upon successful completion of Basic Military Training, MOS 31K Handlers will attend Advanced Individual Training (AIT) for 17 weeks.

The AIT will be broken into two phases and cover how to care for, handle and train a Military Working Dog.

First, during phase 1, MWD Handlers will complete on-the-job instruction covering police methods and proper dog handling techniques.

This 7 week phase will cover topics such as how to arrest and restrain subjects.

Second, MWD Handlers will be taught how to incorporate a Military Working Dog into the tools they learned from phase 1.

This 11 week phase will also consist of training your dog and providing first aid.

Helpful skills as an MOS 31K:

  • Patience
  • Quick decision making
  • Communication and ability to interact with people
  • Ability to understand training dog conditioning behavior

What Does an Army Military Working Dog Handler Do?

Army Military Working Dog Handler
Army Military Working Dog Handler and MWD during an evacuation training. Image: southcom.mil

Military Working Dogs are key components in the Military and police forces because of their ability to detect threats that humans cannot.

An Army MWD Handler is required to have basic law enforcement knowledge in addition to knowledge about their Military Working Dog.

MWD Handlers can work with a Patrol Drug Detector (PDDD) dog or a Patrol Explosive Detector Dog (PEDD).

Their ultimate responsibility is the training, use and welfare of their dog.

Police Functions

They are required to know basic use of firearms and how to arrest/restrain a suspect.

They will learn and apply both Military and civil laws and jurisdictions.

MWD Handlers must know Law and Order operations to successfully and legally complete their work.

The specialist will apply Installation Force Protection and Law and Order support.

Part of their job function will be to complete Health and Welfare searches.

MOS 31K specialist will complete building searches, scouting and detection with their dog.

They must know security operations and be able to provide maneuver mobility support. 

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Dog Training and Care

A large part of this position is training and caring for the Military Working Dog.

The MWD must remain in physical shape at all times, and training does not stop after the initial training.

The Handler must be knowledgeable in principles of conditioning to ensure the physical shape of the dog.

This conditioning training will help to sustain certifications that both the Handler and the MWD must meet. 

MWD Handler will learn and train the dog on basic obedience and controlled aggression.

Establishing and maintaining obedience is the ground work for a successful partnership and is the task that Handlers will spend the majority of their time on.

Obedience training consist of simple command training to praise and situational awareness.

Learning and applying first aid treatment for the pet is also a task of the handler.

First aid treatment includes basic Veterinary procedures.

These procedures can consist of dispensing medications, completing evaluations, checking the dog to ensure they are hydrated and have that they do not have any physical limitations.

The handler will take complete care of the dog from grooming, cleaning the kennel and feeding to conditioning.

Communication between the Handler and the dog is very important and must be precise to avoid any mistakes or potential harm.

During training, the specialist will be required to put on the “bite suit” to learn how being on the other side of the dog’s physical restraints can be.

Learning and exploiting the Military Working Dog’s capabilities such as speed (up to 30 m.p.h.) and bite strength are both part of training and every day use.

Other Job Functions

Military Working Dog Handler
Army Military Working Dog Handler during a demonstration on narcotics and Military Working Dog capabilities. Image: Flickr

Besides searching for suspects, drugs or explosives, the MWD may be required to assist in customs support.

They may also be required to provide protection for VIP support.

The Handlers will brief commanders on capabilities of their dog to detect and locate personnel, drugs and paraphernalia, weapons, ammunition and explosive ordinance.

During deployed situations the Handler and Military Working Dog will be required to go on a route before anyone else, to look for potential threats and clear it of those threats.

This is something that is practiced during mock situations repeatedly during training and on base, to ensure accuracy for both the Handler and the MWD.

Having a Military Working Dog involved in operations expands the Military’s non-lethal capabilities.

The dogs are seen as a psychological deterrent during operations.

Some days may be the same, focusing on training yourself and your dog.

Other days may be high-stress and require you to be in a situation or scenario you have never been in before.

The Army video below discusses the job functions of a Military Working Dog Handler.

What Does a Military Working Dog Handler get Paid?

When in the Army you will be paid based on your rank and time of service.

Entering into the MOS 31K with no prior Military experience generally places individuals at a lower rank.

There are many factors that play into increasing your rank and subsequently your pay.

When recruiting there are also opportunities for bonuses based on factors such as high-demand positions and recruiting timelines.

You can follow the base pay table below to get an idea of the pay for each rank.

InsigniaPay GradeRankAbbreviationAvg. Monthly Pay
E-1PrivatePVT$1,681
E-2Private Second ClassPV2$1,884
army e 3 insignia - pfcE-3Private First ClassPFC$1,981
army e 4 insignia - specialistE-4SpecialistSPC$2,195
army e 4 insignia - corporalE-4CorporalCPL$2,195
E-5SergeantSGT$2,394
E-6Staff SergeantSSG$2,613
E-7Sergeant First ClassSFC$3,021
army e 8 insignia - master sergeantE-8Master SergeantMSG$4,345
E-8First Sergeant1SG$4,345
E-9Sergeant MajorSGM$5,308
E-9Command Sergeant MajorCSM$5,308
e 9 sergeant major of the army insigniaE-9Sergeant Major of the ArmySMA$5,308

Benefits

In addition to the base pay that the Army provides, they also provide benefits to their soldiers.

These benefits vary from insurance to allowances.

The Army offers free to low-cost medical and dental in addition to paid sick time and vacation.

They also cover housing and food costs.

Allowances for Military clothing and civilian clothing, (if needed for your position) are available annually.

Education tuition assistance opportunities could cover most or all of your continued education costs.

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Job Reviews

Reviews of this position are positive.

People enjoy working with the dogs and creating partnerships.

The positive reviews discuss the position as being productive and allowing skills  to develop such as how to handle stressful situations.

Negative reviews of the position discuss the challenges surrounding switching Military Working Dogs.

You do not always get to stay with the dog you have gained a connection with and that can be challenging when you spend more time with that dog than family at times.

Negative reviews also discuss long deployments and leadership having a large impact on the position.

A few Military Working Dog Handler reviews can be found below.

MOS 31K
Image: Indeed
Army MOS 31K
Image: Indeed

You can also view the video below from the Army.

The video gives an inside look into what training as a Military Working Dog Handler is like and what the job duties entail.

Civilian Career Opportunities

Working in the Army as a Military Working Dog Handler provides you with skills that relate to federal, state and local law enforcement.

This can be related to working with or without a dog in law enforcement as the skills learned are applicable to both positions.

Experience gained with animal care can also allow for civilian career opportunities in veterinary facilities and dog training facilities.

While in the Army you can receive certifications (sometimes Military sponsored) that can assist with promotions and provide more civilian career opportunities.

A few certifications, that can be GI Bill funded, related to this position include Certified Protection Professional (CPP) from the ASIS International and Certified Safety Professional (CSP) from the Board of Certified Safety Professionals.

This position also qualifies for the PAYS program, a recruitment option that guarantees an interview with military friendly employers such as the NY City Police Department and Alabama Department of Corrections.

Summary

Military Working Dog Handler MOS 31K
MWD receiving play time as a reward for finding drugs during a search and detection demonstration. Image: army.mil

Army Military Working Dog Handler (MOS 31K) is responsible for the care, use and training of their Military Working Dog.

This MOS requires security clearance and two-phase Advanced Individual Training.

The Handler will learn police techniques and proper Military Working Dog utilization.

This position is an entry-level position that follows the base pay table and offers Army benefits.

People who have previously held this position recommend the MOS to others and tend to enjoy both the job and the bonds they create with their dog.

Working as a MWD Handler provides opportunities in law enforcement and animal training as a civilian.

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References:

Army MOS 31K Career Details

Army COOL MOS 31K

Rob V.
Rob V.
Rob V. is the founder of OperationMilitaryKids.org. While he never actually served in the US Military, he has a passion for writing about military related topics. Born and raised in Woodbridge, NJ, he graduated from the New Jersey Institute Of Technology with an MBA in eCommerce. His hobbies include beach volleyball, target shooting, and lifting. Rob is also a commercially rated pilot with over 1,500 hours of flight time.

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