army basic training bus

How Hard Is Army Basic Training? One Soldier Tells His Story

The first thing people ask you when you come home from Army basic training (or BCT for short) is:

“ hard was it?”

Like most things in life, it is a matter of opinion, but most people will honestly say it was pretty hard.

With the exception of the few boastful who will write off the experience as “easy,” which it goes without saying that they’re lying.

In Army basic training, you find yourself in situations you would never have imagined you would be able to get through, but then you get through it.

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There isn’t any feeling better than when you accomplish something that you thought you couldn’t accomplish going into it.

As someone who went through Army basic training, 4 years of active duty, and a deployment to Afghanistan, I would like to break down Army basic training in an honest way.

Minus the bravado and machismo, here is my take on Army basic training.

A Brief Overview Of Army Basic Training

Army basic training is the 10-week initiation process of the United States Army.

Once you have been recruited and processed through your local Military Entrance Processing Station (or MEPS, for short), you will have a report date to ship to Army basic training.

Your recruiter will give you a packing list and you will report to the recruiting station with your luggage.

sample army basic training packing list for 2019
The packing list might look something like this.

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Once you’ve reported to your recruiters, they will bring you to your regional airport and you will fly toward the base where you’ll be training.

There are 4 Army basic training locations in the United States:

  • Fort Moore: Columbus Georgia
  • Fort Jackson: Columbia, South Carolina
  • Fort Leonard Wood: St. Robert, Missouri
  • Fort Sill: Lawton, Oklahoma
Map of Army basic training locations

The flights are commercial flights, and you will be flying to the airport nearest the base of training.

I served as an Artilleryman and like most of us “Fisters” and “Gun Bunnies,” I was sent to Fort SIll, Oklahoma for both Army basic training and Advanced Individual Training.

When I landed in Oklahoma City International Airport I was directed to report to the reception office that was located in the airport itself.

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There, we waited as dozens of other recruits arrived. By the early evening, all of the recruits scheduled to arrive had reported, and we were placed on buses heading towards Fort Sill.

army basic training bus

Everyone has their moment of anxiety when they realize that this is actually happening, and there is no going back now.

Mine was when the buses pulled up to the imposing gate of Fort Sill, and the Military Police boarded to verify our identities and check us into the base.

fort sill ok

It took a while for the MPs to verify our identities and the sun had set.

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I sat there in the comfortable bus seat thinking about how in a matter of minutes I would not experience said comfort for the foreseeable future.

The buses started to move again, and we arrived at the reception area of the base. The drill sergeants mounted the bus and escorted us to a briefing room.

army recruits getting off bus and yelled at by drill instructors

We sat in the chilly room as they presented us with various documents and a PowerPoint explaining what was expected of us and what we could expect from our time in Army basic training.

After the brief, we began the arduous process of reception, which included things like:

  • Gear issue
  • Boot measuring
  • Uniform fittings
  • Barracks assignment

army recruits are issued boots in basic training

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At your reception battalion, you will learn the basics of drill and ceremony, rank structures, uniformity, and other basic soldiering skills that will prep you for Army basic training.

Reception is also a lot of paperwork, a lot of medical exams and vaccinations, and it is where you get that infamous buzz cut that all recruits receive.

army buzz cut at basic training

If you show up to Army basic training with a shaved head, they will still shave your head regardless. Save your time and money and don’t cut your hair before you ship.

Once the in-processing is complete, the reception battalion will hold a formation ceremony to transfer command of the recruits to the BCT training battalion.

Upon completion of the ceremony, you move to the training area of the base and are officially in the shark tank.

The 3 Phases Of Army Basic Training

BCT is broken up into three different phases:

Phase 1: Red

Phase 2: White

Phase 3: Blue

Army Basic Training Red Phase

Red phase is the starting phase and is typically considered the hardest part of training.

The entire phase, which is 3 weeks long, is devoted to constant calisthenic exercises, and you will be spending much of your time in the push-up position.

pushups in the army basic training course

The drill sergeants will train you how to march and be a part of a formation, the importance of teamwork, run you through obstacle courses and team challenges, and you will do the intense events like rappelling and zip-lining.

There’s also gas chamber training, which is about as fun as it sounds.

army gas chamber training

Army Basic Training White Phase

White phase, which is also 3 weeks long, comes after the completion of Red Phase and focuses almost entirely on rifling and weapons training.

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You will be expected to qualify and become a marksman of the M4 carbine, as it is the standard weapon of the US Army soldier, as well as the M249 squad automatic weapon, the M240B crew served machine gun, the M2 mounted machine gun, and the M67 fragmentation grenade.

firing rifles at army basic training

The weapon systems are imposing but after weeks of continuous training on them, you will become not only comfortable with them but proficient.

Army Basic Training Blue Phase

Finally comes the Blue Phase, which is where all your training culminates into a series of field training exercises that simulate deployment conditions and tasks.

Operating out of forward operating bases, you will train in clearing rooms in prop towns, conducting land navigation lanes, moving as a platoon and squad across the terrain, moving while under live fire, convoy operations, and much more.

army recruit throwing a grenade

This is where most recruits have the most fun, as you are finally doing what they do in the commercials.

You’ll also be required to complete the APFT and meet the basic standards, including height and weight standards.

Upon completion of Blue Phase, you will officially be a soldier in the US Army after the initiation ceremony conducted by your training company.

army basic combat training graduation ceremony

The final days of Army basic training are spent turning in your training gear, prepping for your next training cycle at Advanced Individual Training, and spending time with family that has been invited for the graduation ceremony and a tour of the training you endured.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Where is Basic Training for the Army?

The U.S. Army uses four different locations for basic training: Fort Moore in Columbus, GA; Fort Jackson in Columbia, SC; Fort Leonard Wood in St. Robert, MO; and Fort Sill, in Lawton, OK. Learn more about each location here.

How long is Army Basic Training?

Army Basic Combat Training (BCT) lasts for 10 weeks and consists of three phases. The first is devoted to fitness, the second is focused on rifle training, and the third comprises field training.

What can I expect at Army Basic Training?

Upon reception at Army Basic Combat Training, you receive your gear, get measured for boots, get your uniforms, and are then assigned to your barracks. Men will have their heads shaved, and then you’ll begin physical training.

Do you go home after Army Basic Training?

While you may be able to spend some time with your family during the BCT graduation ceremony, your assignment to AIT (Advanced Individual Training) generally starts the next day, depending on the location and travel time. Learn more about AIT here.

Do you get free time in Army Basic Training?

During Army BCT, you’ll get some time every day for downtime, but most recruits use it to keep their gear inspection-ready. You may also get a pass or two toward the end of training.


While Army basic training is hard, it is always something you will look back on with pride and remember the fun you had, even when it wasn’t very fun at the time.

So, if you asked me “How hard was it?” I would say it was challenging, at the time it was terrible, but if I could go back in time, I would definitely do it again.

See Also:

Green Berets Vs. Army Rangers: 5 Major Differences

Rob V.
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Army Basic Training

Army Basic Training

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Learn more about Army Basic Combat Training, or BCT, including a brief overview, red, white, and blue phases, and more.

Originally posted on 12/27/18

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24 Replies to “How Hard Is Army Basic Training? One Soldier Tells His Story

      1. My heart goes out to you. My daughter went and I did nothing but cry. Maybe I’m just really emotional but it’s so hard letting go of our children. Hug him tight as much as possible before he walks into that plane. ❤️

        1. Thank you! He’s not a hugger but I’ll give him one anyway! I’m going to miss him. I’m helping with his 4 year old son. I’m so nervous . I do give him into God’s hands .

        2. Thank her for her bravery for me.. my son left 2 weeks ago and my heart is so broken… I’m very proud but not seeing him daily is a struggle🥺

    1. Hey Connie,
      Sorry for the late reply! Enlisted recruits actually get an initial clothing issue in basic training, they don’t have to pay anything. In addition, they get a clothing allowance for special items like PT gear and other necessity’s.

      For the Army, men get like $8 and women get like $352! (Source:

  1. My son just left for Fort Benning yesterday. As a mom this is so hard . Its been hard on our whole family but especially my son Paul’s twin sister.

  2. My daughter just left for Fort Sill on 9/17/19. Not being in communication with her is difficult, but we are all so proud of her. Do you know when the parents will find out which company,etc they are in for graduation date?

  3. My son just arrived in fort sill Oklahoma 12/30/19 still crying 😿😿😿😿😿 is like 4 months I miss him so much but I am so proud

  4. My son just left on 12/30/19 to go to Fort Leonard Wood , it’s been very hard not able to communicate with him , but we know god has his back.

  5. My son just left and we are going to miss him so much. He is the first to go and we are proud👏🏼But am going to miss him please pray that God gives him the strength to push through the day and to all cadets

  6. Sixty years ago today, I arrived at Ft. Jackson to start basic training. I was disciplined on the tough side but I was surprised at the “in-my-face-yelling”. I can honestly say I enjoyed the weapons training, firing range and bivouac week. Now at 78, I remember the drill instructors words, “some day you’ll wish you could be in this physical shape”. He was right.

  7. My daughter just went to Fort Sill at 1:30 am this morning. I’m a nervous wreck. She’s my life, she was hysterically crying when she’ called to said they were there. Is she really going to be tormented? I hate the thought of not hearing from her in 3 weeks from now. I’m a mess!

    1. She’ll be fine, Jess. Everything they do is for a purpose, and is VERY safe. She was probably crying because the cadre has a tendency to ‘get in your face’ the first couple days, but that quickly subsides. Don’t worry, she’ll be alright.

  8. I’m heading to Fort Jackson on 03/30/2021. I’m extremely nervous but also very excited! My dad is working me out this whole month to prepare me somewhat for all these push-ups i’m going to have to endure.

  9. I am a 12 year old girl who is aspiring to be just like her mom and dad. This was super interesting and awesome to read! The gas chamber seems super scary though. Thank you for your service!

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