naval aircrewman
Navy

Navy Aircrewman: Career Details

Navy aircrewmen are the Navy’s guardian angels.

Since naval aviation got its start, the Navy aircrewman has silently stood watch over aircraft and crewmembers all around the world.

The Navy Aircrewman is a flight crewmember in fixed wing, helicopter, or Unmanned Aerial System squadrons. 

There are five specific service ratings within the Navy Aircrewman (AW) rating. 

Related ArticleNavy Jobs List: A List Of All 71 Ratings In The US Navy For 2023

In the training program for this rating, candidates will undergo some of the most demanding physical training offered by the military service.

The Aircrew rating is a unique Navy career choice that will come with many exciting opportunities throughout your time in the Navy.

NAC Wings
Image: Wikipedia.org

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Who Can Be Navy Aircrew?

Navy Aircrewmen are a step away from the Special Warfare community. Because of the intensive job requirements, the physical requirements necessary to serve as part of Navy aircrew are high. It is recommended that applicants are comfortable in the water before joining, or capable of becoming comfortable in the water during training. Below are the basic requirements for Navy Aircrewman applicants:

  • Must have a high school diploma
  • Must have a combined ASVAB line score of VE + AR +MK + MC = 210 or VE + AR +MK + AS = 210
  • Must score a satisfactory-medium on a Navy Physical Readiness Test (PRT) while in the Delayed Entry Program (DEP)
  • Must sign a Hold Harmless Agreement prior to participating in a PRT
  • Must have normal color and depth perception
  • Must have vision correctable to 20/20 in both eyes
  • Must have normal hearing
  • Cannot have a speech impediment
  • Must participate in the “reading aloud” test
  • Must meet aviation duty minimums and maximum nude body weights of 103 to 245
  • Must be able to obtain and maintain a Secret security clearance

Disqualifying Conditions For Aircrewman

Because of the hazardous nature of this program, the following medical conditions are considered a disqualifying factor:

  • Hay fever
  • Asthma
  • Bee or wasp allergy
  • Food allergy
  • Chronic motion sickness

Due to the level of hazard and intensity related to this occupation, Aircrewmen are subject to heightened moral turpitude standards.

These standards generally are not waivable, and may result in an application denial to the Navy Aircrew ratings:

  • Any drug-related conviction
  • Drug use in the three years prior to application
  • Repeated offenses involving alcohol
  • Serious indebtedness
  • Any offense that is sexual in nature
  • Domestic violence convictions

Related Article: Can You Join The Military With A Felony?

Note: Drug waivers are considered on a case-by-case basis.

navy aircrewman
Image: Wikimedia.org

Navy Aircrew Training and Qualifications

The first step in your Navy Aircrew training cycle is going to be attending Recruit Training, more commonly referred to as boot camp.

Navy Recruit Training takes place at Recruit Training Command Great Lakes in Great Lakes, Illinois. Here, Recruit Division Commanders (RDCs) will teach you the basic military skills and knowledge necessary to begin work in the United States Navy.

While at RTC Great Lakes, you will also learn basic Navy ship handling, small arms usage, firefighting, and Naval heritage.

Barring any unforeseen circumstances, this training normally lasts about 10 weeks.

Related ArticleIs Navy Boot Camp Hard?

NACCS

Once you have made it through Navy Recruit Training, you transfer to Naval Air Crew Candidate School (NACCS) at Naval Air Station (NAS) Pensacola in Pensacola, Florida.

Here candidates will learn water confidence, basic search and rescue techniques, stroke development, and long-distance swimming stamina.

The first week of this training will require the candidates to participate in a thorough Navy flight physical to ensure they meet Navy flight standards.

The following three weeks will consist of intense physical training, as well as waterborne survival skills training, all of which are vital to the future Navy Aircrewman’s career.

“A” School

Immediately after completion of NACCS, candidates will attend Accession School (or A School) of their assigned service rating.

Your “A” School could last between 7 and 23 weeks depending on the assignment to one of the following five “A” Schools:

  • Aircrewman Mechanical (AWF)
  • Aircrewman Operator (AWO)
  • Aircrewman Tactical Helicopter (AWR)
  • Aircrewman Helicopter (AWS)
  • Aircrewman Avionics (AWV)

AIRR

For those who volunteer, after “A” School they will attend the Navy Aviation Rescue Swimmer (AIRR) School in Pensacola, Florida.

This 5-week course will teach you to perform aircraft-based search and rescue missions in any environment.

Navy AIRR School is considered one of the most challenging and physically demanding courses in the U.S. Navy.

FRS

The next step in any Navy Aircrewman’s journey is a Fleet Replacement Squadron (FRS).

While stationed with an FRS, you gain experience and training on the specific type of aircraft you will be assigned to during your career.

This training will last between 6 and 32 weeks depending on what type of aircraft you are assigned to; aircraft assignment will also determine location, as there are FRS squadrons all over the United States.

Initial Squadron

You will receive orders to your first squadron upon completion of your FRS training. Here you will continue on-the-job training, and begin becoming an expert in your assigned aircraft type.

Once you have completed your Naval Aviation Training and Operations Procedures Standardization (NATOPS) qualifications required for your aircraft type, you will receive your gold Navy Aircrew wings.

This breast insignia designates you as a member of the elite group of Navy Aircrewmen and will do so until the day you leave Naval service.

NAC SAR
Image: Flickr.com

Life as Navy Aircrew

There are five types of Navy Aircrewmen.

Although they serve together in the same community, they each have a different job onboard an aircraft.

The following are the descriptions of what each service rating within the Navy Aircrew designator does.

AWF

Aircrewman Mechanical (AWF) are members of a fixed-wing integrated tactical crew, and serve aboard one of the following aircraft:

  • C-2 Greyhound
  • C-9 Skytrain
  • C-12 Beechcraft
  • C-20 Gulfstream IV
  • C-37 Gulfstream V
  • C-40 Clipper
  • C-130 Hercules
  • E-6 Mercury
  • P-3 Orion

You will perform primary in-flight and ground duties as an aircraft Flight Engineer, Crew Chief, Loadmaster, Reel Operator, or Aircrew Readiness Manager.

AWFs are responsible for aircraft maintenance, weight and balance calculations, aircraft systems rigging, aircrew administration duties, performing flight and ground training, moving cargo, performing Medical Evacuations (MEDEVACs), transporting passengers, carrying small arms, and supporting Special Warfare operations.

AWFs will directly contribute to aircrew training by helping Sailors attain and maintain the squadron’s aircrew qualifications, and ensure they are knowledgeable on all aircraft systems, passenger and cargo handling, safety procedures and equipment, federal and military regulations for passenger transport, emergency procedures, and aircraft equipment.

AWO

Aircrewman Operators (AWO) are responsible for the intelligence information used by aircrews during operations and tactical missions.

They will serve aboard one of the following aircraft:

  • P-3C Orion
  • P-8A Poseidon

As an AWO you will be detecting, analyzing, classifying, and tracking surface and subsurface contacts.

You will be operating a highly advanced sonar system that utilizes buoys, Radio Detection and Ranging (RADAR), Electronic Support Measures (ESM), Magnetic Anomaly Detectors (MAD), Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) systems, and Infrared Detectors (IR).

You will be planning, handling classified material, and training members of the crew in support of the mission.

Your daily duties will have you handling ordnance, inspecting acoustic equipment, and operating equipment such as:

  • Advanced imaging multi-spectral sensors
  • RADAR systems
  • Hand-held cameras.

AWS

Aircrewman Helicopter (AWS) are members of helicopter-integrated tactical crews that perform Search and Rescue (SAR) operations and Airborne Mine Countermeasure (AMCM) operations.

 AWSs serve aboard four primary types of aircraft:

  • HH-60H Rescue Hawk (Seahawk)
  • MH-60S Knighthawk (Seahawk)
  • CH-46 Sea Knight
  • MH-53 Sea Dragon

As an AWS, you will perform SAR and AMCM operations utilizing sonar, magnetic, mechanical, and acoustic minesweeping systems.

You will also be performing search and rescue missions, as well as inserting or extracting special forces, or airlifting critical supplies to ships at sea.

You will be responsible for aircrew operations administration, flight and ground training, movement of cargo internally and externally, MEDEVAC missions, passenger transport assignments, aerial gunnery operations, small arms handling, Naval Special Warfare (NSW) insertion and extraction, Vertical Replenishment (VERTREP), and Night Vision Device (NVD) operations.

You will also be responsible for observing for safety of flight concerns.

navy aircrewman at work
Image: Nz.usembassy.gov

AWV

Aircrewman Avionics (AWV) serve as members of a fixed-wing tactical aircrew attached to patrol, reconnaissance, and command and control aircraft.

You will be responsible for the aircraft’s avionics systems, safety gear, emergency procedures, and aircraft electronic equipment.

You will be performing in-flight and ground duties as an aircraft technician, Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) specialist, and airborne communications expert.

Part of your job will also have you responsible for piloting and maintaining Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), operating photographic equipment, and Communications Material Security (CMS) handling.

Your primary duty as an AWV is going to be maintaining the electronic systems onboard the aircraft.

AWR

Aircrewman Tactical Helicopter (AWR) operates tactical systems to detect, identify, and engage submarines. As an AWR, you find yourself onboard one of the following helicopters:

  • SH-60B Seahawk
  • SH-60R Seahawk

You will operate Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) and their payloads. 

You also will be manning tactical support centers at shore installations and tactical mobile units in expeditionary MTOC units. 

AWRs serve as the primary rescue swimmer during Search and Rescue (SAR) operations.

Sea/Shore Rotation

In the Navy, you will swap between deployable “sea” duties and generally nondeployable “shore” duties.

There are situations where these rotations can change, but as a general rule the Navy will do everything in its power to ensure all Sailors are able to meet their proper sea/shore rotations.

The sea-to-shore assignment rotation for Aircrewman Mechanical (AWF) is as follows:

  • First sea tour will be 54 months
  • First shore tour will be 36 months
  • Second sea tour will be 36 months
  • Second shore tour will be 36 months
  • Third sea tour will be 36 months
  • Third shore tour will be 36 months
  • Fourth sea tour will be 36 months
  • Fourth shore tour will be 36 months

The sea-to-shore assignment rotation for Aircrewman Tactical Helicopter (AWR) is as follows:

  • First sea tour will be 48 months
  • First shore tour will be 36 months
  • Second sea tour will be 36 months
  • Second shore tour will be 36 months
  • Third sea tour will be 36 months
  • Third shore tour will be 36 months
  • Fourth sea tour will be 36 months
  • Fourth shore tour will be 36 months

The sea-to-shore assignment rotation for Aircrewman Operator (AWO) is as follows:

  • First sea tour will be 48 months
  • First shore tour will be 36 months
  • Second sea tour will be 36 months
  • Second shore tour will be 36 months
  • Third sea tour will be 36 months
  • Third shore tour will be 36 months
  • Fourth sea tour will be 36 months
  • Fourth shore tour will be 36 months

The sea-to-shore assignment rotation for Aircrewman Avionics (AWV) is as follows:

  • First sea tour will be 54 months
  • First shore tour will be 36 months
  • Second sea tour will be 36 months
  • Second shore tour will be 36 months
  • Third sea tour will be 36 months
  • Third shore tour will be 36 months
  • Fourth sea tour will be 36 months
  • Fourth shore tour will be 36 months

The sea-to-shore assignment rotation for Aircrewman Helicopter (AWS) is as follows:

  • First sea tour will be 51 months
  • First shore tour will be 36 months
  • Second sea tour will be 36 months
  • Second shore tour will be 36 months
  • Third sea tour will be 36 months
  • Third shore tour will be 36 months
  • Fourth sea tour will be 36 months
  • Fourth shore tour will be 36 months
NAC Helo
Image: Wikimedia.org

Pay and Compensation 

Your pay is going to be based on a combination of your rank and time in service.

Related Article: Navy Enlisted And Officer Ranks And Pay 

Navy Aircrewman will generally be E3 with a year of service once they become rated. This means your starting base yearly salary could be roughly $27,108 as an E-3 with fewer than two years and max out at $102,322 as an E-9 with 30 years of service.

This, of course, does not include Basic Allowance for Housing (BAH), or Basic Allowance for Subsistence (BAS).

A Naval Aircrewman will be eligible for Flight Pay while attached to a squadron, which can range from $150 to $400 a month.

Again, this does not factor in your BAH or BAS allowances. BAH alone can range from $8,,892 to $66,132 a year depending on your rank, marital status, and where you’re stationed.

Although it fluctuates semi-annually, Navy Aircrewmen typically enjoy higher advancement opportunities than the Navy average.

This means your advancement as a Navy Aircrewman may be accelerated as compared to other Navy ratings.

Civilian Opportunities

Navy Aircrewmen receive many skills through their Navy training and experience. The civilian career opportunities they have available often depend on the service rating in which they served.

The following are some of the post-Navy career opportunities for Navy Aircrewmen:

AWS

  • Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisor
  • Emergency Management Director
  • Emergency Medical Technician

AWF

  • Aircraft Mechanic
  • Airline Flight Engineer
  • Aviation Inspector

AWO

  • Commercial Diver
  • Airfield Operations Specialist
  • Intelligence Analyst

AWR

  • Database Administrator
  • Emergency Medical Technician
  • Aircraft Mechanic

AWV

  • Aviation Inspectors
  • Avionics Technicians
  • Electronics Engineering Technicians

Through the Navy Credentialing Opportunities On-Line (COOL) program, Navy Aircrewmen have the ability to earn credentials they can use in the civilian world. For free, they may earn certifications as:

AWS

  • Certified Safety Specialist (WSO-CSS)
  • General Communications Technician
  • Flight Engineer (FAA)

AWF

  • Certified Aerospace Technician
  • Certified Safety Specialist (WSO-CSS)
  • Flight Engineer (FAA)

AWO

  • Certified Safety Specialist (WSO-CSS)
  • General Communications Technician
  • GMDSS Radio Operator License (DO)

AWR

  • Certified Safety Specialist (WSO-CSS)
  • General Communications Technician
  • Flight Engineer (FAA)

AWV

  • Autonomous Navigation Systems (ANS)
  • Onboard Communication & Safety Systems Standards (OCS)
  • Aircraft Electronics Technician (AET)
  • Certified Aerospace Technician
  • Fiber Optics Technician (FOT)

Related Article: 15 Best States For Military Retirees And Veterans

Additionally, Navy Aircrewmen can receive training and certification through the United States Military Apprenticeship Program (USMAP) or the Department of Labor Registered Apprenticeship (DOL-RAP) program in the following fields:

AWS

  • Airfield Operations Specialist
  • Computer Operator
  • Emergency Management Director
  • Emergency Medical Technician
  • Paramedic
  • Training and Development Specialist

AWF

  • Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technician
  • Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assembler
  • Airfield Operations Specialist
  • Airframe & Powerplant Mechanic
  • Computer Operator
  • Emergency Management Director
  • First-Line Supervisor of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
  • Training and Development Specialist

AWO

  • Aircraft Mechanic and Service Technician
  • Airfield Operations Specialist
  • Computer Operator
  • Database Administrator
  • Emergency Management Director
  • Intelligence Analyst
  • Radio Operator/Maintainer
  • Training and Development Specialist

AWR

  • Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technician
  • Airfield Operations Specialist
  • Computer Operator
  • Database Administrator
  • Emergency Management Director
  • Emergency Medical Technician
  • Intelligence Analyst
  • Paramedic
  • Training and Development Specialist

AWV

  • Aircraft Electrician
  • Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technician
  • Airfield Operations Specialist
  • Avionics Technician
  • Computer Operator
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologist / Technician
  • Electrical and Electronics Installer / Repairer, Transportation Equipment
  • Electrical and Electronics Repairer, Commercial and Industrial Equipment
  • Electronics Technician
  • Emergency Management Director
  • Intelligence Analyst
  • Optical-Instrument Assembler (Optical Goods)
  • Training and Development Specialist

On top of all that, there is active duty Tuition Assistance and the GI Bill.

Tuition Assistance will pay up to $250 a credit, for 12 credits a year, and a total of 120 credits over a lifetime.

The Post 9/11 GI Bill provides 36 months of tuition, an annual book stipend, and Basic Allowance for Housing.

What is it Like to be a Navy Aircrewman?

Navy Aircrewmen serve in a career field that is both very demanding and rewarding.

Serving on a Navy aircrew gives you the chance to perform Search and Rescue missions, anti-submarine warfare operations, reconnaissance functions, and Navy Special Warfare support.

If being part of a well-trained team and saving lives is something that interests you, Navy Aircrewman is the job for you!

References / Resources

Navy Webpage For Aircrewman

Naval Aircrew Candidate School Course Overview

Aviation Rescue Swimmer School

Fleet Replacement Squadron

NATOPS General Flight And Operating Instructions

Nicholas A.
Navy Aircrewman

Navy Aircrewman

4.9 out of 5 (61 Ratings)

Navy Aircrewman is a job in the Navy that has 5 specific ratings, including AWF, AWO, AWS, AWV, and AWR. Learn more about each rating here.

Originally posted on 06/27/19

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