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Navy

Navy Engineman (EN): Career Details

A United States Navy Engineman (EN) is an enlisted sailor who operates,  repairs, and services internal combustion engines on Navy ships and small crafts.  Usually, these engines are diesel engines.

ENs also maintain and operate the air conditioning and refrigeration systems, desalinization plants, air compressors, and small auxiliary boilers onboard all US Navy vessels.

navy engineman (en) serve other roles as well, such as rescue swimmer
EN3 Bryce Tucker of the USS Gunston Hall (LSD 44), serves as lifeguard during swim call in the Gulf of Guinea. Tucker is a search-and-rescue swimmer. (Source: U.S. Navy photo by MS1 Martine Cuaron/Released).

Related ArticleNavy Jobs List: A List Of All 71 Ratings In The Navy

On diesel ships, all Enginemen are assigned to Main Machinery (M) division, where they operate and maintain ship propulsion machinery and associated equipment such as pumps, compressors, valves, oil purifiers, heat exchangers, governors, reduction gears, shafts, and shaft bearings.

Sailors in other rates often refer to ENs as snipes.  The originally derogatory term originates from other-rated sailors on shore duty or who worked topside and looked down on those who worked in the often grimy, greasy, dirty bowels of the ship.

Today, ENs take pride in the term snipe and refer to themselves as “the men who sail below.”

Other ratings considered snipes include Hull Technician (HT), Damage Controlman (DC), Electrician’s Mate (EM), Machinist Mate (EM), and Gas Turbine Systems Technician (GSM).

Approximately 5,500 Engineman serve in the Navy today.

Requirements and Qualifications

To become an Engineman in today’s Navy, there are specific requirements and qualifications to meet:

  • Must be a member of the US Navy.
  • Citizenship requirements may vary.
  • Must be between the ages of 18 and 39.
  • Must have no record of adversely adjudicated drug abuse offenses.
  • Must have normal hearing.
  • Normal color perception is not required.
  • A Department of Defense (DoD) security clearance is not required.
  • Must have an Armed Forces Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) score of VE (Verbal Expression) + AR (Arithmetic Reasoning) + MK (Math Knowledge) + AS (Auto Shop) = 195 or VE (Verbal Expression) + AR (Arithmetic Reasoning) + MK (Math Knowledge) + AO (Assembly Objects) = 200.

Related Article: Navy Height And Weight Standards

Training and Career Path

Prior to becoming an Engineman in the Navy, you must first become a Sailor. Recruits accomplish this via successful completion of Navy Recruit Training, commonly referred to as Boot Camp.

All sailors attend Boot Camp at the Recruit Training Command, Great Lakes (RTC Great Lakes).

AE1 Lauren Tarkington Seaman Recruit Jarrell Thompson the proper way to salute during Navy Boot Camp (Source:U.S. Navy photo by Susan Krawczk/Released)

Located at Naval Station Great Lakes in North Chicago, Illinois in Lake County. RTC Great Lakes is commonly referred to as “The Quarterdeck of the Navy.”

Boot Camp is eight weeks long. During these eight weeks, the Navy will teach you the basic skills required of all US Sailors.

 Related ArticleIs Navy Boot Camp Hard?

Navy Engineman Class “A” School

After Boot Camp, future ENs attend Navy Engineman (EN) Class “A” School also at Naval Station Great Lakes, Illinois.

Engineman “A” School comprises group instruction, classroom, and shop.  In “A” school, ENs study:

  • Introduction to Technical Documentation
  • Basic Mechanical Theory
  • Safety Precautions and programs
  • Alignment and Operation of Piping Systems and Equipment (including hand tools, precision instruments, lubricants,
  • bearings, couplings, gears, valves, pumps)
  • The Maintenance Material Management System (3M)
  • Basic Technical Knowledge, Terminology and Watch Standing Procedures for the Operation of Conventional Marine Steam
  • Propulsion Systems
  • Preventive Maintenance of Plant Equipment

 

The Navy also requires that ENs complete Basic Engineering Common Core (BECC) during their training at Naval Station Great Lakes.  BECC covers the basics of engineering. 

This includes Planned Maintenance System (PMS), Navy Occupational Safety and Health (NAVOSH) standards, engineering organization, propulsion and auxiliary stems, pumps, valves, fuel, and lube oil systems training.

ENs spend approximately 14 weeks of technical training (not including Boot Camp) prior to deploying to the fleet.

The EN rating requires a 60 month (five year) service obligation.

They should also pursue warfare qualifications depending on their duty station, such as:

  • ESWS (Enlisted Surface Warfare Specialist)
  • Submarine Warfare (SSW) – Enlisted
EN3 Conary Beckford performs checks on a Diesel Rack Alignment aboard the USS Kearsarge (LHD 3). (Source: Navy Airman Kenny Swartout/Released)

The Navy provides online training to qualified ENs through their Credentialing Opportunities On-Line website, referred to as Navy COOL.

Additional training, such as Engineman Class “C” schools are available to ENs as their Navy career progresses.

How Much Are Navy Engineman Paid?

Like the other Armed Services, the Navy bases a sailor’s pay on their rank and length of service.

InsigniaPay GradeRankAbbreviation2019 Pay (monthly)
N/AE-1Seaman RecruitSR$1,681
E-2Seaman ApprenticeSA$1,884
e-3 navy seamanE-3SeamanSN$1,981
petty officer third classE-4Petty Officer Third ClassPO3$2,195
petty officer second classE-5Petty Officer Second ClassPO2$2,394
petty officer first classE-6Petty Officer First ClassPO1$2,613
chief petty officerE-7Chief Petty OfficerCPO$3,021
senior chief petty officerE-8Senior Chief Petty OfficerSCPO$4,345
master chief petty officerE-9Master Chief Petty OfficerMCPO$5,308
command master chief petty officerE-9Command Master Chief Petty OfficerCMDCM$5,429
master chief petty officer of the navyE-9Master Chief Petty Officer Of The NavyMCPON$5,580

ENs may be entitled to other forms of compensation including base allowance for housing (BAH), base allowance for subsistence (BAS), and billet pay (sea pay, submarine pay, hazardous duty pay, etc.) if eligible.

Related Article: Navy Ranks And Pay For 2019

The Navy has a pilot program, Pay for Performance, designed to reward top performing sailors in specific ratings with re-enlistment bonuses.  EN is one of those ratings.

What’s Life Like as a Navy Engineman?

The Navy’s Rating Information Card describes the EN rate as:

“Engineman operate and maintain diesel engines and reduction gears used for ship propulsion and auxiliary machinery such as diesel generators, pumps, and oil purifiers. They also maintain auxiliary machinery outside of main machinery spaces, such as electro-hydraulic steering engines and elevators, refrigeration plants, air conditioning systems and desalinization plants. They will also operate and maintain compressed gas producing plants, deck equipment including cranes, winches and hoists, condensers and heat exchange devices and small boats.”

Specifically, what an EN in the Navy does is:

  • Align piping systems for oil, water, and air for controlling the operation of diesel engines used for ship propulsion and service systems.
  • Control operation of diesel generators used to produce electrical power.
  • Clean, adjust, test and perform other preventive maintenance on a ship’s auxiliary boilers, main engines, diesel generators and other auxiliary machinery including steering engines, elevators, winches, pumps, and associated valves.
  • Operate and maintain desalinization plants (distilling plants) to make fresh water from seawater.
  • Maintain refrigeration plants, air conditioning systems, and galley equipment.
  • Repair or replace valves, pumps, heat exchangers, compressors, steam turbines, and hydraulic or pneumatic control devices.
  • Operate and maintain the Navy’s small boats.
  • Make entries in and analyze machinery operating records and reports.

The EN work environment includes main engine rooms, auxiliary machinery rooms, engine rooms, or shops.  Usually, these locations are hot and noisy.

ENs routinely perform heavy physical work.

ENs must be able to work closely with their shipmates, and sometimes with limited supervision.

Despite the hard, physical work, often in noisy and hot conditions, most ENs truly enjoy their work in the Navy.

ENFN Nathanael Serna, stationed aboard the USS Devastator (MCM-6), states, “I have worked very hard to get here and enjoy my work.”

In describing his day-to-day duties, the young engineman explains, “As an engineman, we are responsible for maintaining and operating the ship’s main propulsion system, generators, air compressors, and controllable pitch propeller systems.  We keep the ship moving and keep the engines running.”

Adds FNSN Serna, “There is always work to be done here and it is very fast paced.”

Formerly stationed onboard the USS Pearl Harbor (LSD 52), EN2 Gabrielle Anthony enjoys the opportunities her Navy career has afforded her, “The Navy has given me the opportunity to become a worldwide influence.”

The job of a Navy Engineman is physical and not always in the most comfortable environments.  However, it is necessary, and the Navy is always on the lookout for men and women who can handle it.

EN2 Richard Cruz and other Sailors assigned the USS New Orleans (LPD 18) conduct maintenance on parts of the ship’s engine. (Source: MS2 Dominique Pineiro/Released)

Typical Rotation

Sailors in specific jobs (or rates as the Navy refers to them) must adhere to a Sea/Shore rotation based on their rate.

The EN rate is one of the most sea-intensive rates in the US Navy. 

During a twenty-year career in the Navy, an EN will spend about 65 percent of their career at sea, and 35 percent assigned to shore stations.

Throughout an ENs career, manning conditions at sea may require the need to request sea tour extension or shore tour curtailments to ensure adequately manned sea billets.

Specifically, the Sea/Shore rotation for an EN is:

TourSea TourShore Tour
First Tour60 Months (5 Years)36 Months (3 Years)
Second Tour60 Months (5 Years)36 Months (3 Years)
Third Tour48 Month (4 Years)36 Months (3 Years)
Fourth Tour48 Month (4 Years)36 Months (3 Years)
Fifth Tour36 Months (3 Years)36 Months (3 Years)
Sixth Tour36 Months (3 Years)36 Months (3 Years)
Seventh Tour36 Months (3 Years)36 Months (3 Years)

Note that some overseas assignments count as sea tours.

Shipboard life and life on shore duty are drastically different.  The Navy expects EN, as they do all their sailors, to adapt and meet the challenges presented by these different environments.

Here are a few reviews we happened across on indeed.com from ex- and current Navy ENs:

Also, advancement for an EN is excellent.  The Navy Personnel Command reports that advancement is above the Navy average for E5 and below and E7 and above.

Navy Engineman enjoy the same benefits as do all Navy personnel, such as the opportunity to travel the world, unlimited opportunities for learning and advancement, and control over their career.

Civilian Career Opportunities

Civilian career opportunities for Navy ENs.  Just a few of these include mobile heavy equipment mechanic, machinist, cooling and freezing equipment operator, refrigeration mechanic and installer, control and valve installer and repairer, motorboat mechanic, mechanical service technician, industrial machinery mechanic, boiler operator, and engine assembler.

(Source: Wikimedia)

Operation Military Kids considers Engineman among the top 10 Navy jobs for civilian life.

This is especially true if the sailor takes full advantage of the on-the-job (OJT), training opportunities, and educational opportunities offered and afforded them during their naval service.

Related ArticleDishonorable Discharge: Reasons, Consequences, And More

The United States Military Apprenticeship Program (USMAP) also allows ENs to complete their civilian apprenticeship requirements while on active duty.

According to cool.navy.mil, these apprenticeships include:

  • Bulk Fuel Specialist (Pumper-Gauger)
  • Computer Operator
  • Correction Officer (Government Service)
  • Counselor (Professional & Kindred)
  • Diesel Mechanic
  • Fuel System Maintenance Worker (Any Industry)
  • Hydroelectric-Machinery Mechanic (Utilities)
  • Maintenance Mechanic (Any Industry)
  • Pump Repairer (Any Industry)
  • Water-Treatment-Plant Operator (Waterworks)

If you are considering the US Navy, not averse to hard work, enjoy working with engines, and are seeking adventure, Engineman might just be the rate for you.

References

Find A Navy Recruiter

Navy Engineman (EN) Reviews

Navy COOL Summary For Engineman (EN)

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Travis R.
Travis R.
A St. Louis, Missouri native, Travis served eight years in the United States Navy. Duty stations include Air Test and Evaluation Squadron One (AIRTEVRON ONE), NAS Patuxent River, MD, the USS Mount Whitney (LCC-20), Commander Second Fleet (COMSECONDFLT), and US Transportation Command, (USTRANSCOM) Scott Air Force Base, Illinois. After the Navy, Travis worked in the Information Technology sector for twenty-five years. Connect with Travis @MichaelTRose.

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