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Where is Airborne School?
In the counties surrounding the Chattahoochee River, the natural border between Georgia and Alabama, lies Fort Benning, the training grounds for the US Army’s infantry.
Established in 1917, Fort Benning is built upon a site originally used by the Dawson Artillery, a Confederate unit during the Civil War.
Fort Benning takes up 287 square miles and is home to about 35,000 military and civilian personnel.
In addition to schools for the infantry, as well as Ranger School, Sniper School, and many other specialized courses, Fort Benning might be best known as the home of the US Military’s Basic Jump School, aka Airborne School.
What are the requirements to get into Airborne School?
Because everyone in an Airborne Division is supposed to be Airborne qualified, just about every MOS (military occupational specialty) can sign up to enter Airborne School.
The minimum requirements to enter Airborne School are as follows:
- Age: Must be less that 36 years old on the date of application
- Medical: Pass a Standards Of Medical Fitness Exam (AR 40-501)
- Physical Fitness: Take the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) and pass with a score of 60 or better in each event in the 17 – 21 year old category
- FAH Test: Successfully execute a flexed arm hang (FAH) for a minimum of 20 seconds
- Enlisted personnel: Must have successfully completed Basic Combat Training, OSUT, or other service equivalent training
- Officer personnel: Must have completed either Cadet Basic Training for West Point cadets, or under scholarship / contracted for ROTC cadets
1. Airborne Medical Exam
A new recruit qualifies for Airborne School via a medical examination known as the Airborne Physical.
Every recruit, Airborne candidate or not, goes through something similar when they first enlist in the Army.
It’s just that the Airborne Physical is held to slightly higher standards, seeing as how the recruits’ bodies will need to withstand the impact from jumping at high altitudes.
The exam is similar to a normal Army medical checkup, with additional things like:
- Eyesight Test: Distinguish between red and green
- Height and weight check
- Ear Pop Test: Pretty simple. Hold your nose, close your mouth, and blow. Your ears have to pop.
- General health questions: Do you have vertigo / motion sickness / etc.
- Orthopedic checkup: Here they’re basically checking to make sure you’re fully mobile and that you don’t have any chronic pain issues
The medical exam takes place before the recruit goes through Basic Training, and it isn’t anything to worry about.
(Fair warning #1: the exam does involve a doctor, a rubber glove, and a genuine lack of bedside manners.)
2. Pass The Army PFT Test (17 – 21 yr. old standards)
In addition to the medical exam, all Airborne school applicants must pass the Army’s Physical Fitness Test.
Known as the APFT, this 3 event test measures a candidates physical strength and ability, as well as your overall cardio fitness.
If you’re already in the Army, you know what this test involves.
For those civilians out there, the test is done in this order:
- 2 minutes of push-ups
- 2 minutes of sit-ups
- 2-mile run
You’re allowed a minimum of 10 min. and a maximum of 20 min. rest between events.
To qualify for Airborne school, candidates must complete this test with a min. score of 60 points per event.
Keep in mind that this is based on the standards for those 17 – 21 years old.
Essentially what this means is, even if you are 35 years old (the maximum age for Airborne School), you still need to score as if you were 17 – 21 years old.
Here are the minimum scoring requirements:
|Age Group||Gender||Push-Ups (min.)||Sit-Ups (min.)||2-Mile Run (min.)|
|17 - 21||Male||42||53||16:36|
Pushing out any more push-ups, sit-ups, or a faster run time is just icing on the cake.
Doing better on the test will not increase your chances of going to Airborne school.
In fact, your grader may even stop you from performing any more reps once you hit the minimum standards required.
3. Army Basic Training
It should go without saying that successfully completing Basic Training is the main qualification for a recruit before entering Airborne School.
For recruits straight out of infantry training, Airborne School will seem like a vacation.
Related Article: How Hard Is Army Basic Training?
Although the instructors (referred to as “Sergeant Airborne” and colloquially known as “Black Hats”) take their job very seriously, they are not drill sergeants.
This means they won’t be screaming at you for no apparent reason.
They won’t flip your bed or toss your room if something is slightly out of order.
And they won’t jump at every opportunity to enforce group punishment.
This is because Airborne School is a gentleman’s course, and it really is meant to teach a skill, rather than break down a civilian and carve them into a mean-green-fighting-machine.
When do I sign up for Airborne School?
A recruit signs up for Airborne School at MEPS—Military Entrance Processing Stations—which officially marks day zero for the soldier-to-be.
MEPS is also where a recruit signs a contract, partakes in medical examinations (such as the Airborne physical), takes a drug test, takes the ASVAB, and swears in front of the American flag to “support and defend the Constitution of the United States from all enemies, foreign and domestic.”
In short, MEPS is one of the longest and most boring days a recruit will endure.
However, a recruit should do his or her best to cherish it, as it is one of the last days a recruit will enjoy civilian clothes and the freedom to slouch for at least a few months.
What Should I Bring?
Click Here to see a full packing list for Airborne School.
Some Things That You Need To Bring
The only required items that you’re suppose to have is your ID card and your ID tags.
You also need to have clear Ipro safety glasses, as well as a strap to keep them on your head.
Since you’re not allowed to wear contacts at Airborne School, you need to have the correct eyeglasses to wear behind your Ipro safety glasses.
You also need a PC, or Patrol Cap. If you have a rank, it needs to actually be sewn on to the cap itself.
If your rank is not sewn on the cap, you won’t be able to wear it.
Your patrol cap is the only headgear you will wear, other than your Kevlar helmet.
You will also need 4 uniforms, 4 PT uniforms, as well as civilian clothing for your weekend bar excursions.
Also bring black and/or white socks with no Nike or Adidas or other fancy logos on them.
Just plain white or black socks, and they need to be covering the ankles.
One of the more important things you need to bring to Airborne School is good boots.
This is often one of the most overlooked things most guys forget to bring.
They should be lightweight, but good enough to run in.
Also, make sure they have solid ankle support. You’ll need it on your jumps!
Speaking of footwear, you’ll also need a good pair of PT shoes since you’ll be doing a lot of running.
You don’t need an expensive pair of Air Jordans, either.
They’re going to get destroyed at Airborne School, so no need to spend $300 on a pair of sneakers.
Just pick up a cheap pair of of brand running shoes like Asics Gel Venture 5 or Under Armour Assert 6 if you’re looking for an inexpensive but comfortable brand.
If you’re heading to Airborne School during the winter months, you should also make sure you bring some warm clothing.
Army issued Silkies aren’t gonna do anything to keep you warm, and even the waffles won’t do much in the biting cold.
On top of that, during harness week you’ll have to take all of that stuff off.
You need to be thinking about bringing a solid type of fleece jacket that you can put on over your shirt and under your blouse.
You should also bring a combination lock.
Notice I said a “combination lock”, and not just a simple padlock.
You won’t be able to carry around a key with you all day during training, and there’s a good chance you might lose it during a jump or some other training evolution.
It’s imperative that you bring a combination lock to jump school with you, as there have been reports of theft.
Some Things That You Should Bring
The following are not required items for Airborne School, but it’s a good idea to bring them.
One thing that they don’t tell you is that you actually do NOT make your bed at Airborne School.
Instead, you take all of your belongings like your blankets and pillow and lock them up in your locker.
So instead of using the uncomfortable Army issued blankets and pillow, you can and should bring your own.
Another thing that is issued to you at Airborne School is a canteen. The problem is, that same canteen was likely used by about 500 other airborne recruits before you.
Spend the $6 or whatever it is nowadays at the PX and buy yourself a new canteen.
There’s not a lot of electrical outlets in the barracks, so everyone will be fighting over them to charge their phones, ipads, whatever.
Bring an extension cord and a power strip and your fellow recruits will love you for it.
Make sure you lock up all of your stuff at the beginning of each training day, though.
If the instructors see any of your gear left out near your bunk they will give you a counseling statement. (a fancy way of saying you’ll get in trouble)
Believe it or not, you should also bring wet wipes. For whatever reason, the Army always seems to have a shortage of toilet paper.
The last place you want to be is on the toilet seat after crapping out that Taco Bell from the night before, only to find that there’s no toilet paper left.
Another thing that you should bring to Airborne School is headphones.
You’ll have a lot of downtime in the barracks, and with a bunch of other dudes there, it can get kind of loud at times.
Don’t get the expensive Dre headphones, as there’s a fair chance they will get stolen.
What You Should NOT Bring
- Supplements: Supplements are completely banned at Airborne School.
- Food: No food is allowed.
- Pets: Seriously, who brings their pets to Airborne School? You’d be surprised…
What Can I Expect At Airborne School?
Army Basic Training lasts nine weeks and AIT—Advanced Individual Training—lasts from four weeks to more than seven months, depending on the recruit’s MOS.
On the other hand, Airborne School lasts only three short weeks, including weekends and (most) evenings off.
Each week of the school corresponds to a phase of training: ground week (week 1), tower week (week 2), and jump week (week 3).
Ground Week (Week 1)
In the first week, an Airborne school recruit can expect to spend a lot of time familiarizing him or herself with:
- The equipment a paratrooper uses
- How to properly put on a parachute rig, and
- Classes on jumping procedures
In this week, you will not complete any actual jumps.
Rather, it’s intended to give you a full understanding of what it’s like to jump out of a perfectly good airplane.
A typical day in ground week consists of morning runs, push-ups, and pull-ups, and jumping off a platform in order to learn and perfect the Parachute Landing Fall, or PLF.
The Parachute Landing Fall is exactly what it sounds like: it’s basically a controlled crash into the ground.
You will practice the PLF from a variety of heights, progressively getting higher.
The PLF essentially works out to 5 points of body contact with the ground:
Point 1: Balls of your feet
Point 2: Side of your calf
Point 3: Side of your thigh
Point 4: Side of your hip
Point 5: Side of your back
Here’s a visual demonstration of what it looks like:
You will practice the PLF dozens of times, and your instructors will correct any issues as they see them.
They will be checking for things like proper body positioning, as well as proper landing technique.
Learning this technique is absolutely essential for any paratrooper for one main reason:
You Will Hit The Ground Hard
The parachute used by Airborne (known as the T-11) is not a controllable / steerable parachute.
According to the manufacturer, the T-11 falls at an average descent rate of 18 ft. per second.
Unlike a square ram-air parachute, you will not be able to slow your descent when you get close to the ground.
When you hit the ground, you need to do so in a way to prevent yourself from getting injured.
Your First “Jump”
By the end of the week 1, the by now bruised recruits spend a day learning how to properly exit an aircraft by jumping out of a 34 ft. tower and zip lining over a sand pit.
The jump out of the tower isn’t a gentle ride.
Before the recruit starts his descent, he will experience a brief free-fall meant to replicate the actual experience of jumping out of a plane.
Keep in mind that this isn’t actually a real jump under a parachute.
You’ll be attached to a zip line, and be completely safe.
Fair warning #2: With that said, do your best to “adjust” the harness straps that run between your legs. You don’t want one of your balls ending up in the ‘wrong’ place, trust me 😉
Tower Week (Week 2)
Week two, AKA tower week, the recruit continues to perfect his or her airplane exiting procedures as well as work on the PLF.
You’ll still be zip-lining out of the 34 ft tower, and you’ll also be introduced to your first real taste of what it’s like to be a paratrooper: mock door training.
Mock door training is exactly what it sounds like; you’ll be lining up and “jumping” out of a mock airplane doorway.
Like the other aspects of Airborne school, it starts with a “crawl, walk, run” mentality.
You’ll start off jumping through a mock door just a few feet off the ground.
After you’ve mastered the basics of exiting an aircraft ‘on the ground’, you’ll then move on to exiting a mock door higher up.
Throughout this portion of the training, recruits will also be taught another very important part of jumping out of an airplane: emergency procedures.
A lot of things can go wrong when you’re jumping out of an airplane, and everything is exhaustively covered on the ground before you take your first jump.
Some of the more common emergencies that happen when you’re a paratrooper are:
- Total and partial malfunctions of your main chute
- Collisions and Entanglements
- Emergency landings
Note: The purpose of this is to give you an idea what to expect at Airborne school, and is NOT intended as a guide. Follow all instructions given by your Airborne instructors!
One thing that you’ll train for very rigorously is partial and total chute malfunctions.
Even though this might be your biggest fear (besides heights), you should keep in mind that main chute malfunctions are extremely rare in Airborne school.
In fact, they are so rare that I couldn’t find one instance where a jumpers main chute and reserve chute didn’t deploy.
With that said, accidents do happen.
You will learn the various recovery procedures for any and all types of chute malfunctions, including:
- Cigarette rolls: A partial malfunction that happens when the chute provides no lift capability.
- Streamers: Also a partial malfunction involving a loss of lift. A streamer malfunction is when a parachute is deployed, but fails to inflate properly.
In each of these scenarios, you will conduct what’s known as the pull-drop method.
The pull-drop method is a technique that involves deploying your reserve chute, which all Airborne students will have on.
Collisions And Entanglements
Another emergency procedure you will train for are collisions and entanglements.
These are scenarios that involve colliding with another paratrooper, and / or becoming entangled in their lines or chute.
You will discuss several instances when this can happen, and go over the proper recovery procedures in excruciating detail.
As mentioned earlier, the type of parachute used in Airborne school is not the kind that you can steer around.
You’re essentially at the mercy of the wind, and whatever direction the wind is blowing, that’s the direction you’ll be going!
As a result, it’s possible for you to end up drifting down on to things that weren’t originally planned.
There are 3 types of emergency landings that are discussed thoroughly:
- Tree landings
- Wire landings
- Water landings
While they (the Airborne School staff) isn’t going to intentionally drop you over the water, trees, or wires, this is always a possibility in real-world missions.
Throughout week 2 of Airborne school, you’ll be taught exactly what to do in these specific situations.
Ft. Benning 250 Ft. Tower
By the end of the week, the recruit spends a few days jumping off Fort Benning’s famous 250 foot towers.
Even though the recruit should expect to feel really nervous, there really isn’t any reason to worry.
Injuries jumping off the towers are extremely rare. The recruit will be strapped in as well as attached to a parachute.
Try to have fun with it!
Jump Week (Week 3)
Lastly, the third and final week, Jump Week, is when the recruit gets to put all of his or her theory into practice.
It also happens to be the most important week of the course, and the longest.
Throughout this week, you’ll essentially go over everything covered in Weeks 2 and 3, albeit in a much more abbreviated way.
In the roughly hour long brief, you’ll go over the PLF, emergency procedures, malfunctions training, and how to rig your chutes.
After that, you’ll head on over to pick up your main and reserve chute.
Once you’ve picked up everything you need, you’ll walk back over to the staging area and put on all your gear.
Like most things in the Army, there’s a lot of “hurry up and wait” that goes on in this phase of Airborne School.
So expect to be sitting around a lot.
Since there will be so many of you, you’ll be assigned to a “group” that you will jump with (called a Chalk).
Once your Chalk is called, you will shuffle out to either a C-130 or a C-17 and load up.
Pray that it’s a C-17, because they are a lot more comfortable than a C-130!
So how many jumps do you do in airborne school?
In order to pass Airborne School, the recruit has to complete 5 jumps, 2 of which will be with a full combat load (a thirty-five-pound rucksack and a weapons case carrying a dummy weapon) and 2 will be “Hollywood,” which means the recruit will be jumping with nothing but a main and reserve parachute.
The last jump the recruit does in Airborne School is a combination combat jump and night jump.
It’ll take place Thursday night, the night before graduation, and the recruit can expect some beautiful and amazing night-sky views.
Is Airborne School Really Difficult?
Depending on what time of year a recruit’s airborne class begins, one unexpected challenge in the course may be the long hours exposed to the weather.
Georgia’s heat and humidity are commonly known as brutal forces throughout the country, but most people don’t know realize how cold Georgia’s winters can be.
One day it can be in the low 70’s, and the next could be in the mid 40’s.
An Airborne recruit won’t have to worry about snow, but in January and February he or she can expect the temperature to be around freezing, as well as to be standing outside enduring such temperatures for days on end.
Additionally, the recruit will be moving around, building up a sweat, thereby allowing every rest stop to become an opportunity for the recruit’s sweat to freeze over.
In Airborne School, every candidate has to pass the Army’s Physical Fitness Test (PFT) in the 17-21 years of age bracket, no matter the actual age of the soldier.
For candidates straight out of basic training, passing the test shouldn’t be a problem, as he or she will have just finished spending a few months training for it.
Second to getting injured, the most common way that a soldier fails Airborne School is failing the Army PFT.
Come prepared, take the workouts seriously, and anyone should be fine when it comes to passing the physical requirements of Airborne School.
Any special advice or tips?
My personal advice for how to best survive and pass Airborne School comes with the caveat that success or failure isn’t always be up to the recruit.
However, here it goes: Don’t Get Hurt.
It goes without saying that jumping out of an airplane is extremely dangerous.
In some cases, there have even been a few deaths at Airborne School. You can read about a few of them in the resources section below (see Airborne School deaths).
It’s extremely rare, but it does happen.
However, most injuries in Airborne School occur during other phases of the training.
Due to the vast amounts of time a recruit spends jumping off platforms, out of towers, and down zip lines, rolled, twisted, or even broken ankles are the most common injuries in the school.
The most common injuries include:
- Physical injuries sustained during routine training.
- Injuries sustained from equipment.
- Injury sustained from static lines.
- Mid-air collisions
- Parachute failure (extremely rare)
- Injuries sustained from landings.
The instructors will do their best to keep the recruit safe, but accidents happen, so listen closely and pay attention.
If an injury during an actual jump occurs, it probably is the result of an improper PLF. On my last jump in Airborne School, my best friend from basic training landed in a sitting position, cracking his tailbone.
I am not sure what exactly happened, but I do know that he didn’t get to graduate and had to go to a non-airborne unit in Texas, and that I never saw him again.
Who CAN go to airborne school?
Airborne divisions are comprised of just about every MOS, so even if you aren’t set on joining one of the combat arms units—infantry, artillery, and the like—a recruit still has the opportunity to be a paratrooper.
As of 2017, the Army started allowing women to sign up for infantry training, so gender in no way plays a role in who can or cannot go to Airborne School.
Other branches of the military—Navy, Air Force and the Marines—do send their members to the Army’s Airborne training, but typically on a case-by-case basis.
For example, Airmen looking to become an elite Para-Rescue Jumper will go through Airborne School, as will Marines going to Force Recon training.
If a recruit happens to go through Airborne School in the summer, he or she can expect to be going through the training alongside Army officer cadets, usually those who are only a year or two away from becoming pinned as second lieutenants.
Who CANNOT go to airborne school?
The only limitation keeping someone from entering Airborne School is the failure of the Airborne-specific medical exam.
This isn’t something a recruit can train for, and he or she will find out if you are disqualified during MEPS, even before basic training starts.
The exam ensures that a recruit doesn’t suffer from a long list of illnesses and/or diseases, and he or she will likely already be aware of the disqualification long before the exam.
For a complete list of physical limitations, consult the Army manual AR 40-501 here and skip to Chapter 5.
It has a full list of medical limitations for Airborne training, which is too lengthy to post here.
What happens after Airborne School?
New recruits don’t get any say in where they will get stationed, and on that note, I recommend that a new recruit becomes familiar with the saying “to the needs of the Army.”
It is volunteer service, after all.
If the recruit graduates Airborne School as a regular paratrooper, he or she can be expected to be stationed at one of three US Army Airborne units:
- Fort Bragg in North Carolina as soldier in the 82nd Airborne (by far the biggest of the three)
- Joint-Base Elmendorf-Richardson in Alaska as a soldier in the 4th Brigade 25th Infantry Division (where the author of this article was stationed)
- Vicenza, Italy as a soldier in the 173rd Infantry Division (where the author of this article wished he’d been stationed)
Other Potential Assignments After Airborne School
If a recruit is continuing on to more specialized training after Airborne School, such as Ranger Regiment selection, or the selection process for Special Forces training (at this time, both are only open to men, by the way), he can expect a wide range of bases to be stationed at.
The three ranger regiments are at:
- Hunter Army Airfield, Georgia
- Joint-Base Lewis-McChord, Washington
- Fort Benning
As far as Special Forces units, there are five active duty groups and two National Guard groups.
The five active groups are in:
- Joint-Base Lewis-McChord, Washington
- Fort Bragg, North Carolina
- Fort Campbell, Kentucky
- Elgin Air Force Base, Florida
- Fort Carson, Colorado
The two National Guard groups are in Draper, Utah and Birmingham, Alabama.
What happens if I fail?
Like my friend who broke his tailbone on our very last jump, if a recruit fails Airborne School and he or she is new to the Army, the recruit can expect to get sent to any number of the non-Airborne units around the continental US or worldwide.
If a recruit hasn’t joined the Army yet and he or she is worried about the physical requirements of Airborne School, don’t be—basic training will more than prepare the recruit.
A recruit shouldn’t be turned away from Airborne School simply because he or she is afraid of heights.
I consider myself to be pretty comfortable high up, and I was scared out of my mind every time I jumped.
In other words, scared of heights or not, jumping out of a plane is terrifying and kind of insane.
If a recruit is really gung-ho about being all that he or she can be (a now out-of-date Army motto), they should strive to be more than just a paratrooper.
I encourage recruits to sign up for the Ranger Indoctrination Program (RIP), or, better yet, go straight for Special Forces selection.
I actually recommend RIP rather than SF selection, because one can always progress from a Ranger regiment to SF, though it is much more difficult to go from failing SF selection to RIP, and may not be possible at all.
Airborne operations are not common in modern warfare. In fact, the last major operation happened in the very early years of the Iraq invasion.
As a veteran, I am proud to call myself a paratrooper, but I have to be honest and say that in my four years jumping out of planes (all twenty-plus jumps of mine happening during training exercises) I mostly felt like I was just paying homage to the airborne units of the past: like those soldiers that jumped into Europe and Africa under heavy enemy fire.
Still, I wouldn’t have done anything different. Airborne all the way!