us military bases in iraq
General Military Questions

US Military Bases In Iraq

There are a total of 18 US military bases in Iraq.

There are 6 US Army bases and 6 US Air Force bases, along with five joint bases.

The US Marines, Navy, and Coast Guard do not have bases in Iraq, learn more about each base below.

US Army Bases In Iraq

FOB Abu Ghraib

Location: Abu Ghraib, Iraq

abu ghraib fob army base in iraq
Image: Defense.gov

In Use: 2003-2006

Overall Mission: FOB Abu Ghraib was used as a detention facility during the Iraq War from 2003 to 2006.

Military police were stationed at the base at the time of its opening.

It has since been handed over to the Iraqi government and had re-opened as the Baghdad Central Prison in 2009.

Units stationed:

  • 1st and 3rd Battalion
  • 1st Marines
  • 119th Field Artillery
  • 372nd Military Police Company
  • 848th Forward Surgical Team

Official Site: N/A

Camp Fallujah

Location: Fallujah, Iraq

camp fallujah US army base in Iraq
Image: Wikimedia.org

In Use: 2004-2009

Overall Mission: Camp Fallujah was a major Army installation that had also housed US Marine Units.

This base played a huge role in some of the major missions during the US military’s presence in Iraq.

Units taking part in Operation Phantom Fury and Operation Vigilant Resolve were based at Camp Fallujah at the time.

Units stationed:

  • 1st Marine Expeditionary Force
  • 3rd Armored Cavalry Division
  • 82nd Airborne

Official Site: N/A

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FOB Grizzly

Location: 20km west of Al Khalis, Iraq

fob grizzly us army base in Iraq

In Use: 2003-2006

Overall Mission: FOB Grizzly was the base for a number of Army Police Battalions during the years of its operation.

The MP units were responsible for security forces and handling prisoners of war.

This also was located near Camp Ashraf.

Units Stationed:

  • 49th, 324th, 519th, and 540th Military Police Battalion

Official Site: N/A

Camp Justice

Location: Kadhimya, Iraq

In Use: 2004-2010

Overall Mission: Camp Justice served as a detention facility for prisoners of war.

The base is famous for the execution of Saddam Hussein and other key figures within his regime.

The base had also supported other American interests during Operation Enduring Freedom.

Units Stationed:

N/A

Official Site: N/A

FOB Sykes

Location: Tall’Afar, Iraq

fob sykes in iraq
Image: Wikimedia.org

In Use: 2003-Present

Overall Mission: FOB Sykes was opened as a strategic base for aircraft operations during the Iraq War.

The base was located in an area of Iraq where there were a high number of insurgents battling against US and Allied forces.

Units Stationed:

  • 3rd BCT
  • 6th Battalion
  • 9th Cavalry Regiment
  • 351 Military Police Company

Official Site: N/A

Camp Victory

Location: Near Baghdad, Iraq

In Use: 2003-2011

Overall Mission:  The base served as a major hub for US forces.

It has also served as the site for many USO shows during the Iraq War and the occupation of US troops that were being deployed.

The Camp Victory complex consisted of ten bases located near the Baghdad International Airport.

Units Stationed:

  • I, III, and Multi National Corps
  • XVII Airborne Corps

Official Site: N/A

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Joint Bases In Iraq

Camp Bucca

Location: Umm Qasr, Iraq

camp bucca in iraq
Image: Wikimedia.org

In Use: 2003-2009

Overall Mission:  After the closure of the Abu Ghraib prison facility, Camp Bucca was used to house prisoners of war and detained terror suspects.

The facility was known for holding various militant members of Al Qaeda and the late Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who would eventually become the leader of the Islamic State and Levant (aka ISIS).

Units Stationed:

  • 160th Military Police Battalion
  • 160th, 178th, 179th, and 185th Infantry
  • 586th, 886th, and 887th EFS

COP Shocker Joint Base

Location: Zubratiyah, Iraq

In Use: 2007-2011

Overall Mission: COP Shocker was a strategic base located near the Iranian border.

It was believed that the base was formed as a deterrent to any potential involvement by Iran.

Despite no known involvement by the neighboring country, it has served as one of the many support bases for US forces in Iraq.

Units Stationed:

  • Border Military Personnel
  • Canine Unit

Camp Taji

Location: Taji, Iraq

camp taji in iraq
Image: Wikimedia.org

In Use: 2003-2011

Overall Mission: Originally built by forces loyal to Saddam Hussein, US forces took over the base early on during their occupation of Iraq.

Soon after the takeover, multiple units were stationed in and out of the base.

Located in the Sunni Triangle of Iraq, it was considered one of the handfuls of strategic bases to ward off insurgents that were hostile to the United States and allied forces.

Units Stationed:

  • 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division
  • 1st Cavalry Division
  • 4th Infantry Division
  • 786th QuarterMaster Battalion (US Virgin Islands National Guard)
  • 155th Heavy Brigade Combat Team (Mississippi Army National Guard)
  • 278th Armored Cavalry Regiment (Tennessee Army National Guard)

Official Site: N/A

Joint Base Balad

Location: Balad, Iraq

In Use: 2003-2011

Overall Mission: Joint Base Balad was yet another strategic base that was built during the Saddam Hussein regime with the intent to keep foreign invaders out.

During the US occupation, Balad was a “must capture” base to ensure that the military had a strategic edge against enemy combatants.

The base was under US Army command until it integrated with the United States Air Force in 2008 to conduct both ground and air missions in Iraq.

Units Stationed:

  • 129th CSSB (101st Sustainment Brigade)
  • 172nd Transportation Company
  • 1-142 Aviation Maintenance Battalion Unit
  • M/158 Aviation Regiment
  • 213th Air Support Group
  • 100th Battalion
  • 332nd Expeditionary Wing
  • 332 Expeditionary Group (Various Air National Guard Units)

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Victory Base Complex

Location: Baghdad, Iraq

victory base complex in baghdad iraq
Image: Wikimedia.org

In Use: 2003-2011

Overall Mission:  The Victory Base complex consisted of ten bases located near the Baghdad International Airport.

The complex consisted of a number of FOBs, Air Bases, and Army Camps.

This was the nucleus of US operations during the occupation in Iraq.

Units Stationed:

  • 2nd Brigade, 1st Armored Division
  • 3rd Brigade, 4th Infantry Division
  • 3rd Infantry Division
  • 117th, 192nd, 324th, and 439th Military Police Battalions

US Air Force Bases In Iraq

Bagram Airfield

Location: Bagram, Afghanistan

In use: 2001-Present

Overall Mission: The United States took over the air base in 2001 as a strategic base in the war against the Taliban and Al Qaeda forces led by Osama bin Laden.

As of today, it still remains in United States control as it continues to provide air support for military missions for US and NATO forces.

The base also contains a medical facility along with a detention camp for prisoners of war and suspected terrorists.

Units Stationed:

  • 10th Mountain Division
  • 11th Signal Brigade
  • 82nd Airborne Division (Paratroopers)
  • 269th Signal Company

Balad Air Base

Location: Balad, Iraq

balad air base in iraq
Image: Wikimedia.org

In Use: 2003-2011

Overall Mission: As part of Joint Base Balad, the air base provided aviation support for United States forces

It’s strategic placement is due to the high volume of mortar attacks that occur in and around the vicinity of Balad on a regular basis.

It also served as a logistical hub for US and later Iraqi forces.

Unit Stationed:

  • 332nd Expeditionary Wing
  • 777th Airlift Squadron
  • 64th Expeditionary Rescue Squadron
  • 46th and 362d Expeditionary Recon Squadron
  • 332d Expeditionary Support Operations Squadron
  • 1st Battalion, 131 Aviation Regiment
  • 528 Quartermasters

Habbaniyah Air Base

Location: Habbaniya, Iraq

In Use: 2003-2008

Overall Mission: The base was formerly owned by the Royal Air Force.

It became a hub for military assets of both the United States and the New Iraqi Army as it conducted missions in and around Fallujah and Ramadi.

It had also served as a major US-ran training facility for Iraqi military forces.

Units Stationed:

N/A

Ain al-Asad Air Base

Location: Al Anbar, Iraq

ain al-asad air base in iraq
Image: Wikimedia.org

In Use: 2004-Present

Overall Mission: At the outset, the air base was secured by Australian forces and later handed over to the Americans in late 2003.

The base was used to house trucks that provided fuel and supplies to military forces.

Most of the major fuel routes were considered dangerous and under constant attack.

US forces had withdrawn in 2011 only to return three years later in their conflict with ISIS.

Units Stationed:

  • II Marine Expeditionary Force
  • 82nd Airborne Advise and Assist Brigade
  • 332nd Medical Brigade
  • 321st Sustainment Brigade
  • Navy Customs Battalion Juliet

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Qayyarah Air Base

Location: Near Mosul, Iraq

In use: 2003-2011; 2016-2020

Overall Mission: The air base housed various units that provided air support along with local outreach, search and assistant, and safety patrols among other tasks.

Some of the units have also provided security for important archaeological dig sites to deter looters.

In the fight against ISIS, the United States Air Force used the base from 2016 to 2020 (the base had previously been under the former’s control until 2014).

Harir Air Base

Location: Kurdistan, Iraq

In Use: 2003-2011 ; 2014-Present

Overall Mission: Harir Air Base was located in the Kurdistan province of Iraq.

This was located in close proximity of Incirlik Air Base in Turkey and was a likely replacement in the event of a potential closure by the Turkish government.

The base was frequently used in the battle against ISIS and other terror groups based in Iraq.

Units Stationed:

N/A

Rob V.
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US Military Bases In Iraq

US Military Bases In Iraq

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The US military has a total of 18 major bases in Iraq. Learn more about each base, which includes bases for the US Army and US Air Force.
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