Navy SEALs vs Marines
General Military Questions

Navy SEALs vs Marines

The U.S. Marines and Navy SEALs are considered two of the most elite, and toughest special operations forces to join.

While becoming a member of either special-ops force is impressive in its own right, there are some notable differences between the two organizations.

The purpose of the article is not to debate which special-ops group is “tougher” or “better”.

It is pointless to debate an issue that is up to so much speculation, however, it is worth comparing Navy SEALs vs. Marines for people interested in joining the military as part of an elite force.

Continue reading to learn more about the U.S. Marines and Navy SEALs to decide which special-ops branch is the right fit for what you wish to get out of the U.S. Armed Forces.

Related ArticlePros and Cons Of Joining The Navy

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Fast Facts

marines vs navy seal
Navy SEALs vs. Marines? The debate of which force is more elite is a difficult one to agree on between the two organizations. Image: DoDLive

Before we get too deep into the similarities and differences of Navy SEALs vs. Marines let’s go over a few basics:

 Navy SEALsMarines
Established:19621775
Size:2,500182,000+ (Active)
38,500 (Reserve)
Motto:"It Pays to be a Winner"
"The Only Easy Day Was Yesterday"
Semper Fidelis
Headquarters:Naval Amphibious Base Coronado,
Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek
The Pentagon
Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Nicknames:- "Frogmen"
- "The Teams"
- "The Men with Green Faces"
- "Jarheads"
- "Devil Dogs"
- "Leathernecks"
Military Role:- Special operations
- Direct action
- Counter-terrorism
- Special reconnaissance
- Unconventional Warfare
Amphibious and expeditionary warfare

Below we will explain four major differences between U.S. Marines and Navy SEALs.

It is a good idea to learn the difference between Navy SEALs and Marines because it should help you make the right decision for enlistment.

Though Marines are incredibly respected and still considered one of the most elite special operations forces, there is no secret that SEALs undergo much more rigorous training.

Difference #1 – Requirements

marines vs navy
The U.S. Marines and Navy have comparable requirements to join the military branch. Image: Wikimedia Commons

Every branch of the U.S. Armed Forces has requirements before enlistment.

There are basic, general requirements that are universal for every soldier (regardless of branch or unit) and other qualifications specific to the military branch.

Special operations forces notoriously have harder requirements to meet for qualification.

It is what makes special-ops forces elite and highly valued by the military in the first place since entrance requirements are stiff.

Navy SEALs Requirements

Prospective Navy SEALs must meet basic requirements including:

  • Citizens of the United States
  • High school diploma (or GED equivalent)
  • A vision of at least 20/75 that is correctable to 20/20
  • No history of alcohol or drug abuse
  • Pass the Navy SEAL Physical Screening Test
  • Existing members of the U.S. Navy or Coastguard (between the ages of 18-28)
  • Score a minimum of 220 on the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB)

Prospective SEALs also need to demonstrate “good moral character” which is traditionally examined through your criminal record (or lack thereof) and other factors.

It is worth mentioning that it is a misconception that the Navy SEALs are only open to males.

The U.S. Armed Forces recently approved the right for female soldiers to join elite forces, like the SEALs.

However, as of 2019, the Navy SEALs had yet to have its first female member.

U.S. Marines Requirements

Prospective Marines must meet basic requirements including:

Like the SEALs, Marines now accept women to join the organization.

The only exception is combat arms specialties like infantry, artillery, and tank and amphibian tractor crew members.

The Marines have two primary special operations forces: Marine Raiders and Force RECON.

Force RECON units are usually assigned by the military to gather information in dangerous parts of the world, while Raiders are small lethal teams designed to eliminate high priority, dangerous targets.

Regardless, every Marine is considered a more elite soldier compared to regular service members of the Army and Navy.

Difference #2 – Training

seals vs marines
Both special operations forces go through some of the most demanding and challenging military training ever witnessed. Image: Wikimedia Commons

There is no mistake that both types of training are incredibly demanding and thorough.

However, the overall consensus is that Navy SEAL training is more challenging and demanding because the special-ops force is more selective with fewer members compared to the Marines.

Navy SEALs Training

It is difficult to argue that Navy SEAL training is the most intense and daunting of any special-ops force.

In fact, the drop out rate for Navy SEAL training is around 80 percent, meaning only 2 out of every 10 recruits make it past basic training.

The average Navy SEAL spends more than a year going through a series of formal training before getting recognized as an official special-ops member.

The two most infamous portions of the training are:

  • Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL (BUD/S) School (24 weeks)
  • SEAL Qualification Training (SQT) Program (28 weeks)

Aspiring SEALs must also attend and complete Parachute Jump School.

Training has a direct purpose of “weed out of the weak” and will challenge in you every conceivable way.

The first couple of months are primarily demanding physical training.

Then, you progress to a second phase consisting of more physical conditioning, combat diving, and land warfare training.

New recruits are nearly always in motion from running to rolling in the sand, wading through mud and swimming in water.

The final four months of training consist of pre-deployment and intensive specialized training.

If you are driven and fortunate enough to make it past basic training you should feel good about being one of every 200-250 recruits out of 1,000 candidates to successfully complete Navy SEAL training each year.

U.S. Marines Training

Despite the Marine Corps being considered less demanding in training compared to SEALs, it is actually not true about boot camp.

In fact, Marine Corps Basic Combat Training, or boot camp, is arguably considered the most intense of any military branch.

Marine Corps boot camp (13 weeks) is far longer than the Army (10 weeks) and Navy (9 weeks).

The Marines train 40,000 new recruits each year in a challenging environment that tests physical and mental characteristics.

The Marine Corps has a far higher success rate for completing training compared to the SEALs, as 96% of males pass BCT yet only 25% of females make the cut.

During the first nine weeks, the emphasis is on phase one and two training/

The two phases introduce soldiers to weapon handling, combat skills, and marksmanship.

Recruits are also taken through gas chamber training and participate in field firing range competitions.

The final three weeks of BCT include a defensive driving course and several other tests you must pass.

After completing boot camp, Marines receive additional advanced training for their MOS, or Military Occupational Specialty.

Related ArticleDelta Force Vs. Navy SEALs

Difference #3 – Mission

navy seal missions
Navy SEAL missions are very confidential, though it is known that SEAL Team 6 was responsible for the termination of America’s most wanted terrorist – Osama bin Laden. Image: Wikimedia Commons

Both Navy SEALs and Marines have extremely important responsibilities in the U.S. Armed Forces.

Debating which special-ops group has more responsibility or importance is pointless because each branch is specially reserved for certain types of missions.

Navy SEALs Missions

Navy SEALs have several delegated responsibilities including:

  • Special Operations
  • Direct Action
  • Counter-Terrorism
  • Special Reconnaissance
  • Unconventional Warfare
  • Hostage Rescue
  • Foreign Internal Defense
  • Counter-Proliferation
  • Counter Narcotic Operations

Navy SEAL teams were originally sent out during the Vietnam War.

Interesting enough, SEAL teams continue to get organized in the same structure as those in Vietnam.

The current two Navy SEAL teams are Naval Special Warfare Group One (West Coast) and Naval Special Warfare Group Two (East Coast).

Both teams are under the command of Naval Special Warfare Command in California.

There are at least eight confirmed Navy SEAL teams and while most of their operations are highly secretive and confidential we do know a few things.

Navy SEAL teams are deployed around the world as part of Special Operations Task Forces or Naval Special Warfare Squadrons.

Each SEAL team has an assigned Navy commander, eight operational platoons, and a headquarters element.

The operational teams are usually two to four special operators per task unit.

SEAL members are worthy of the title “super soldiers” as they can do just about everything.

It includes “Leap Frogs”, or specially assigned Navy Parachute Teams that provide demonstrations for recruiting purposes.

Perhaps the most famous Navy SEALs operation of all time was the death of Osama bin Laden in 2011.

Related Article18 Most Famous Navy SEALs (and 3 controversial ones)

U.S. Marines Missions

The role of Marines is outlined as “amphibious and expeditionary warfare”.

What that means is Marines have three primary areas of responsibility, or focus:

  • Defense or seizure of advanced naval bases and other land operations that support naval campaigns.
  • Development of tactics, techniques, and equipment used by amphibious landing forces that support the Army and Air Force.
  • Other duties that are assigned by the U.S. President or Department of Defense.

Therefore, Marines are capable of “asymmetric warfare” or unconventional warfare that follows different tactics and strategies compared to usual forces.

Though the capabilities of Marines are not unique in any particular way they are generally considered more advanced compared to soldiers of the Army and Navy.

The Marine Corps may and often does deploy combined-arms task forces to any part of the world in a matter of days.

The Marine Corps takes great pride in its mindset that “Every Marine is a rifleman” meaning that the branch focuses first and foremost on supporting its infantry.

Consequently, every Marine (regardless of MOS) receives training as a rifleman.

All officers receive additional training as infantry platoon commanders.

The additional training is designed by the Marine Corps to make every soldier versatile and capable of handling a wide range of responsibilities not commonly associated with service members of the Navy or Army.

Marines have evolved over the decades to go primarily from a ground force during WWII to also supporting numerous aerial and sea attacks.

The legacy of Marines includes being the first to develop helicopter insertion into warfare, as well as the first American force to widely adopt “maneuver-warfare” principles.

As a result, Marines always strive to have low impact missions that minimize combat and casualties through tactical maneuvers.

U.S. Marines have been involved in practically every major conflict since the 18th century and made historical gains during WWII.

Difference #4 – History

marine corps history
The Marine Corps has a legendary history that dates back to the Revolutionary War. Image: Wikipedia

It is obvious that the U.S. Marine Corps has a far longer history considering the special ops force was conceived in the late-18th century compared to Navy SEALs which only date back to the 1960s.

Regardless, both special operations forces have intriguing histories worth mentioning.

Learning and appreciating the history of these two prestigious forces is an important part of becoming a member of either branch.

Navy SEALs History

The Navy SEALs have a much shorter history in the world of warfare.

The organization wasn’t created until 1962, though their origins date back to the 1940s when volunteers served an elite force known as “SeaBees”.

SeaBees were orchestrated to clear obstacles on beaches before troops arrived.

Later, SeaBees evolved into Combat Swimmer Reconnaissance Units.

Combat Swimmer Reconnaissance Units were important on both fronts of World War II yet didn’t receive quite as much notoriety as Marines during WWII.

It wasn’t until 1962 when President John F. Kennedy declared the Navy SEALs that the elite force became official.

Navy SEALs arguably had their “golden era” during the war in Vietnam.

President Kennedy had acknowledged American troops needed a specialized force to fight an unconventional war in the Pacific.

Navy SEALs were the answer to guerrilla warfare being utilized by the Viet Cong.

Today, SEAL members are highly regarded for their ability to fight from sea, air, or land.

They have been involved in every major U.S. conflict since Korea, including the successful DEVGRU assassination of 9-11 mastermind Osama bin Laden.

U.S. Marines History

The Marine Corps has a much older and more detailed history compared to Navy SEALs.

Marines were originally established in 1775 to assist in the Revolutionary War.

Therefore, its origins date back practically as long as the official creation of the nation.

The initial purpose of the Marine Corps was to handle maritime operations and protect national interests overseas.

After getting disassembled shortly after the conclusion of the Revolutionary War, the Marine Corps was re-established in 1798.

The legendary military branch has served in every major conflict since the War of 1812.

If the “golden era” of Navy SEALs was during Vietnam than one could argue World War II was the pinnacle for Marines.

Marines were instrumental in an Allied victory during WWII including heroic efforts at Iwo Jima and Guadalcanal, to name a couple of examples.

Marines were also prevalent during the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq following the events of September 11th.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

marines vs. seals
It is a difficult choice for new recruits interested in joining an elite force deciding between the Marines and Navy SEALs. Image: AF.mil

Here are some commonly asked questions regarding Navy SEALs vs. Marines…

Related Article: 13 Pros And Cons Of Joining The Marines

Can a Marine become a Navy SEAL?

While both special operations forces have ties to the U.S. Navy the answer is no.

There is no such thing as a solider joining the Marines Corps and transferring over to the Navy BUD/S program to become a Navy SEAL.

The only way that would be possible is if you conclude your service agreement with the Marine Corps then enlist in the Navy as a new recruit.

Because of this reason, it is important to determine which special-ops group you are more interested in before enlisting in the Marine Corps or Navy.

Serving both elite forces is a special privilege and honor, but as you can see they have their differences.

Which is more elite?

Now, this is a very difficult question to answer yet is one that is frequently asked by candidates interested in joining an elite force.

There are arguments on both sides to point out which one is better in the Navy SEALs vs. Marines debate.

The bottom line is there is no clear cut answer as both special operations focus on slightly different missions.

It is difficult to find a more lengthy, demanding, and intense form of training than what SEALs have to endure before officially joining the force.

The fact that 8 out of 10 new recruits don’t make it past basic training is clear evidence of how challenging of a force it is to join.

However, the Marine Corps has a longer history and tradition in the United States.

There are many Marines that have generations of relatives that served in the military branch which to them means something that is difficult to describe.

Both military forces have comparable entry requirements and face dangerous and risky situations.

As a result, it is difficult to label one of the special forces better than the other though Navy SEALs might get a slight edge because of its reputation with training.

Also, the Navy SEALs is far more selective only having a force of 2,500 compared to well over 180,000 active-duty soldiers in the Marine Corps.

You could argue that from those two perspectives it is slightly more “elite” compared to the Marines.

Does the Marine Corps have Special Forces?

Yes, the Marine Corps has two special forces.

The U.S. Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command (MARSOC) handles its special forces.

The two special forces are Marine Raiders and Marine Force RECON units.

Marine Raiders are small team lethal force units that capture or eliminate high priority targets.

Meanwhile, Force RECON units are known for gathering intelligence in dangerous countries or situations.

Overall, the Marine Corps contribution to the U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) is to provide direct action, special reconnaissance, and foreign internal defense.

Conclusion

When it comes to recruitment, candidates that are interested in joining a special operations force must make a hard decision.

Both special-ops have an outstanding reputation, demanding training, and dangerous, highly confidential assignments.

If you are stuck between the two, you may want to consider speaking to a local recruiter at both the Marine Corps and Navy offices.

Rob V.

Rob V. is the founder of OperationMilitaryKids.org. While he never actually served in the US Military, he has a passion for writing about military related topics.

Born and raised in Woodbridge, NJ, he graduated from the New Jersey Institute Of Technology with an MBA in eCommerce.His hobbies include beach volleyball, target shooting, and lifting.

Rob is also a commercially rated pilot with over 1,500 hours of flight time.
Rob V.

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